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Get Started with Bootstrap Button: Better UX

Bootstrap, a popular front-end framework, offers a wide range of pre-built components that allow developers to create visually appealing and accessible user interfaces while adhering to modern web design standards. One such component is the Bootstrap button, which can be customized to enhance user experience and engagement.

A button in the context of web development, as presented in Bootstrap, is an interactive element that allows users to perform actions on a website or application.

These buttons are customizable in a variety of colors, sizes, and states, and can seamlessly integrate into any web design project. By utilizing Bootstrap buttons, developers can enhance user experience, creating engaging and accessible interfaces that conform to modern web design standards faster.

So in this article, we will explore the fundamental usage and implementation of Bootstrap buttons. We dive deep into their diverse color schemes, sizes, and state variations to provide a comprehensive understanding of how to effectively utilize them in your projects.

Bootstrap Button Classes

Bootstrap offers a set of convenient class names for designing buttons with various styles and appearances. The following table showcases these class names and their corresponding button styles:

TypeClassesDescription
Button tag.btnThis is designed to be used with a button element or anchor tag and input. This will apply the style and state of a button.
Button colors.btn-primary, .btn-success, .btn-warning, .btn-danger etc.This class is used to set different colors for a button
Button sizes.btn-lg, and .btn-smThese classes are used to set different sizes for the buttons. The class .btn has a medium size by default.
Active state.activeThis class is used alone with aria-pressed="true" to set a button or link as active.

Setting up Bootstrap

For this tutorial, we’ll utilize the Bootstrap CDN links to quickly demonstrate the functionalities of buttons using Bootstrap buttons.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h3 class="text-primary text-center">
      I will be blue in color if bootstrap is successfully working 😄
    </h3>
  </body>
</html>

If Bootstrap is set up successfully, you should see the following centered text in blue color in your browser:

Bootstrap Button Colors

Bootstrap provides an extensive selection of theme colors for buttons to cater to a wide variety of web design needs. By leveraging the btn-{color} utility class, you can effortlessly apply background colors to buttons, where the color corresponds to any of the Bootstrap theme colors.

This feature allows developers to maintain a consistent appearance throughout their projects while also offering the flexibility to customize buttons according to specific design preferences.

Below is a comprehensive list of various button background colors available in Bootstrap:

  • btn-primary: Represents the primary action in an application or section.

  • btn-secondary: Used for secondary actions or alternative options.

  • btn-success: Indicates a successful or positive action.

  • btn-info: Provides additional information or context for a particular action.

  • btn-warning: Suggests caution should be taken with the associated action.

  • btn-danger: Represents a potentially harmful action or a negative outcome.

  • btn-dark: A darker color choice, suitable for more prominent actions or elements.

  • btn-light: A lighter color option, often used for subtle actions or less important elements.

  • btn-link: Applies a link-like appearance to a button, making it blend with the surrounding text.

By incorporating these various button background colors, you can create a visually appealing and user-friendly interface that adheres to modern web design standards.

Below is the source code for the various Bootstrap buttons discussed above:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body class="p-2 d-flex justify-content-center flex-wrap gap-2">
    <button type="button" class="btn">Basic</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Primary</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary">Secondary</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-success">Success</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-info">Info</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-warning">Warning</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-danger">Danger</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-dark">Dark</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-light">Light</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-link">Link</button>
  </body>
</html>

Bootstrap Outline Buttons

By default, Bootstrap buttons are solid in appearance and can be changed to outline by adding the btn-outline-{color}. This will make the button appear as an outline as shown below.

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Bootstrap Button Sizes

Bootstrap provides a variety of button sizes to accommodate different design needs and preferences. These sizes range from large (btn-lg), medium (which is the default size when you use btn), and small (btn-sm).

By offering these distinct sizes, Bootstrap ensures that developers can create buttons that are not only visually appealing but also appropriately sized for their specific application or website.

So to utilize these different button sizes, simply add the corresponding class to your button element in the HTML code. For example, if you want to create a large button, you would add the btn-lg class, like so:

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary btn-lg">Large Button</button>

For a small button, you would use the btn-sm class:

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary btn-sm">Small Button</button>

For a medium-sized button, simply use the btn class without any additional size class:

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Medium Button</button>

By incorporating these various button sizes into your project, you can enhance user experience and button appearance.

The source code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body class="p-3">
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-success btn-lg">Large</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Default</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-dark btn-sm">Small</button>
  </body>
</html>

Bootstrap Button Disabled State

Bootstrap provides a specific design for disabled buttons by adding the disabled attribute to the button tag.

When this attribute is applied, the disabled button will have a distinct appearance compared to the active button. It makes it clear to users that the button is not currently functional.

This visual distinction is an essential aspect of user interface design because it prevents confusion. The example below demonstrates how the disabled button design appears when the disabled attribute is added to the button tag:

The source code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body
    class="p-3 d-flex justify-content-center align-items-center vh-100 gap-3"
  >
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary active">Active Button</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" disabled>
      Disabled Button
    </button>
  </body>
</html>

Bootstrap Button Focused State

Bootstrap provides a comprehensive set of pre-designed button styles that require no additional effort on your part when it comes to handling the focused state, as demonstrated below.

Solid buttons focus state:

Outline buttons focus state:

These button designs are visually appealing and user friendly, ensuring that your website or application maintains a consistent and professional appearance. With Bootstrap’s built-in button styles, you can easily create interactive and engaging user interfaces while saving time and effort on design and development.

Hover

The hover state is an essential aspect of button design, as it provides visual feedback to users when they interact with the buttons on your website or application.

Similar to the focused state we discussed earlier, Bootstrap offers an excellent design for the hover state for both solid and outline buttons as well, requiring no additional code on your part. This is demonstrated in the examples below.

Bootstrap’s hover state styles are designed to work seamlessly with both solid and outline buttons, providing a subtle yet noticeable change in appearance when users hover over them. This visual cue helps users understand that the button is interactive and can be clicked or tapped to perform an action.

Active State

In situations where you need to programmatically designate a button as active, this feature proves valuable for differentiating the current web page or tab with a distinct style compared to other buttons or links. By doing so, users gain a clear understanding of the page they are currently viewing.

This active state enhancement not only improves user experience but also helps users navigate through your website or application more efficiently by providing a visual representation of their current location within the site’s structure.

You can achieve this by passing the active class and also set aria-pressed to true to produce the effect below.

The source code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body
    class="p-2 d-flex justify-content-center align-items-center flex-wrap gap-2 vh-100"
  >
    <a
      href="#"
      class="btn btn-outline-dark btn-lg active"
      role="button"
      aria-pressed="true"
      >An active link</a
    >
    <a href="#" class="btn btn-outline-dark btn-lg" role="button"
      >An inactive link</a
    >
    <a
      href="#"
      class="btn btn-primary btn-lg active"
      role="button"
      aria-pressed="true"
      >An active button</a
    >
    <a href="#" class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" role="button"
      >An inactive button</a
    >
  </body>
</html>

Adding Loading Spinner to Bootstrap Buttons

To add a loading icon to a Bootstrap button, you can also utilize the spinner-border class on a span tag. This class allows you to create a loading effect for your buttons, enhancing the user experience when something is in progress.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <section
      class="d-flex justify-content-center align-items-center gap-2 vh-100"
    >
      <span class="spinner-border"></span>
    </section>
  </body>
</html>

The above snippet will produce the following loading spinner.

Combining it with a button

The example provided below demonstrates the outcome of applying the spinner-border class to a span tag along with a button to achieve the desired outcome:

The source code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <section
      class="p-2 d-flex justify-content-center align-items-center gap-2 vh-100"
    >
      <button class="btn btn-primary">
        <span class="spinner-border"></span>
        <span>Please wait...</span>
      </button>
    </section>
  </body>
</html>

In addition, if you want a smaller icon, you can add the spinner-border spinner-border-sm classes to create the appearance below:

The source code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>My webpage</title>
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-EVSTQN3/azprG1Anm3QDgpJLIm9Nao0Yz1ztcQTwFspd3yD65VohhpuuCOmLASjC"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />
    <script
      src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.2/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"
      integrity="sha384-MrcW6ZMFYlzcLA8Nl+NtUVF0sA7MsXsP1UyJoMp4YLEuNSfAP+JcXn/tWtIaxVXM"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    ></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <section
      class="p-2 d-flex justify-content-center align-items-center gap-2 vh-100"
    >
      <button class="btn btn-primary">
        <span class="spinner-border spinner-border-sm"></span>
        <span>Please wait...</span>
      </button>
    </section>
  </body>
</html>

In this example, the spinner-border class is added to a span element within the button. The spinner-border-sm class is used to create a smaller spinner that fits well within the button.

The role=”status” attribute is included to indicate that the spinner is a status indicator, while the aria-hidden=”true” attribute ensures that the spinner is hidden from screen readers, as it is a purely visual element.

By following this approach, you can easily add a loading icon to any Bootstrap button, improving the overall appearance and interactivity of your web application.

Wrapping Up Bootstrap Buttons

In conclusion, Bootstrap buttons provide a robust and flexible solution for implementing interactive elements in your web design projects. With a variety of colors, sizes, and states to choose from, you can create a visually appealing and user-friendly interface that adheres to modern web design standards.

Thus in this comprehensive article, we explored the fundamentals and practical applications of Bootstrap buttons, along with their predefined styles.

These predefined styles not only enhance the user experience but also save time and effort on design and development. Whether you need to highlight primary actions, indicate success or warning, or implement disabled or focused states, Bootstrap buttons have got you covered. Start leveraging these features today to create engaging and consistent user interfaces.

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  • An AI assistant generates thousands of responsive pre-made components for you.
  • Components come with default styling using CSS, Tailwind CSS, or your own custom styles to match your brand’s design.
  • Easily customize the generated components to suit your specific needs – change colors, spacing, padding, margins, etc.
  • Generates both the HTML markup and CSS styles for the components, saving you development time.
  • Includes JavaScript functionality within the components to make them interactive.
Ayodele Samuel Adebayo

Ayodele Samuel Adebayo