Type to generate UI components from text

OR

Browse thousands of MUI, Tailwind, React components that are fully customizable and responsive.

Explore Components

Bootstrap Input: How to Create Beautiful and Functional Forms

When it comes to web forms, user input is crucial for collecting information, processing requests, and enabling interactive experiences. Bootstrap, the popular front-end framework, provides a comprehensive set of input components that can simplify the process of designing and implementing user-friendly forms.

In this guide, we will explore the world of Bootstrap inputs, covering everything from basic usage to advanced customization techniques. By the end, you’ll have the knowledge and tools to create visually appealing and highly functional Bootstrap input forms.

Understanding Bootstrap Inputs

Bootstrap offers a wide range of input types that are covered by the <input> HTML tag. These include text fields, password fields, number fields, checkboxes, radio buttons, select dropdowns, date pickers, time pickers, and file upload fields. Each input type comes with built-in styles and classes that ensure a consistent look and feel across different devices and screen sizes.

To use these input types effectively, it’s important to understand the purpose and behavior of each one.

Let’s briefly explore some of the key Bootstrap input types:

Text Input

The text input is the most commonly used form element. It allows users to enter text or alphanumeric characters. You can specify the type attribute as “text” to create a basic text input field.

<input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="What's your name?">

Output:

Password Input

Password inputs are used when users need to enter sensitive information like passwords or PINs. The entered characters are masked for security purposes. To create a password input form text field, set the type attribute as “password”.

<input type="password" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter your password">

Output:

Number Input

Number inputs restrict user input to numeric values. You can use this input type when you need users to enter quantities, prices, or any other numeric data. Set the type attribute as “number” to create a number input field. If you try to input any character then it will not accept that.

<input type="number" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter a number">

Output:

Checkbox and Radio Inputs

Checkboxes and radio buttons are used when users need to select one or more options from a predefined set of choices. Checkboxes allow multiple inputs, while radio buttons allow only one selection. Use the respective input types to create checkbox and radio button input fields.

<input type="checkbox" class="form-check-input" id="option1">
<label class="form-check-label" for="option1">Check Me</label>
<input type="radio" class="form-check-input" name="options" id="option1">
<label class="form-check-label" for="option1">Select Me</label>

Output:

Select Dropdown

Select dropdowns provide users with a list of options from which they can choose. It is a dropdown button most commonly used when there are multiple choices available, and the user can select only one option. Use the <select> tag along with <option> tags to create a select dropdown.

<select class="form-select" aria-label="Select an option">
    <option selected>Select an option</option>
    <option value="1">I love Bootstrap 1000</option>
    <option value="2">I love Bootstrap 2000</option>
    <option value="3">I love Bootstrap 3000</option>
</select>

Output:

Date and Time Inputs

Date and time inputs allow users to specify specific dates or times. These inputs are useful when you need to collect information related to appointments, deadlines, or scheduling. Bootstrap provides separate input types for dates and times.

<input type="date" class="form-control">
<input type="time" class="form-control">

Output:

File Input

File inputs enable users to upload files from their devices. This input type is commonly used for file attachments, document uploads, or image uploads. Use the type attribute “file” to create a custom file label or input field.

<input type="file" class="form-control">

Output:

By using these predefined input types, you can ensure a consistent and familiar user experience. Bootstrap’s built-in styles and classes make it easy to create well-designed input forms that work seamlessly across different devices.

Building Your Bootstrap Input Forms

Now that we have a basic understanding of Bootstrap inputs, let’s dive into building Bootstrap input forms. For building forms, we need to create Bootstrap input groups.

First, let’s get familiar with some concepts of forms

Form Classes

To style your form elements with Bootstrap, you need to wrap them in <form> tags and apply the .form-control class. This class provides basic styling and ensures responsive behavior for your form elements.

<form>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter your name">
  <input type="email" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter your email">
  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
</form>

Output:

Input Types

As we discussed earlier, Bootstrap provides various input types such as text, password, number, checkbox, radio, select, date, time, and file. You can specify the desired input type using the type attribute of the <input> tag.

<input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter your name">
<input type="password" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter your password">
<input type="number" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter a number">
<input type="checkbox" class="form-check-input" id="option1">
<label class="form-check-label" for="option1">Option 1</label>
<input type="radio" class="form-check-input" name="options" id="option1">
<label class="form-check-label" for="option1">Option 1</label>
<select class="form-select" aria-label="Select an option">
  <option selected>Select an option</option>
  <option value="1">Option 1</option>
  <option value="2">Option 2</option>
  <option value="3">Option 3</option>
</select>
<input type="date" class="form-control">
<input type="time" class="form-control">
<input type="file" class="form-control">

Placeholders

Placeholders are text hints that appear within an input field to guide users on what information is expected. You can add placeholder text by using the placeholder attribute of the <input> tag.

<input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter your name">

Output:

Labels

Labels provide clear and accessible descriptions for form inputs. They improve usability by associating labels with their corresponding inputs. To create a label, use the <label> tag and set the for attribute to match the id of the input element.

<label for="nameInput">Name:</label>
<input type="text" class="form-control" id="nameInput">

Output:

Sizing

Bootstrap provides additional classes to adjust the size of input elements. You can use .form-control-sm for small inputs and .form-control-lg for large inputs.

<input type="text" class="form-control form-control-sm" placeholder="Small input">
<input type="text" class="form-control form-control-lg" placeholder="Large input">

Output:

Validation

Validation ensures that users enter correct and expected data into the form fields. Bootstrap provides built-in validation styles and classes that can be applied to inputs for basic validation. You can use these styles along with HTML5 form validation attributes like required, minlength, maxlength, and pattern to enforce specific rules.

<input type="text" class="form-control is-valid" placeholder="Valid input">
<input type="text" class="form-control is-invalid" placeholder="Invalid input" required>
<div class="invalid-feedback">
  Please provide a valid input.
</div>

Output:

Feedback

Feedback mechanisms play a crucial role in guiding users through the form completion process. Bootstrap provides classes like .valid-feedback and .invalid-feedback to display success or error messages respectively. These classes can be used in combination with validation styles and classes.

<input type="email" class="form-control is-valid" placeholder="Valid email address">
<div class="valid-feedback">
  Email address is valid.
</div>
<input type="email" class="form-control is-invalid" placeholder="Invalid email address" required>
<div class="invalid-feedback">
  Please provide a valid email address.
</div>

Output:

You can create a well-structured and visually appealing Bootstrap input group by utilizing these essential components. However, Bootstrap also allows for extensive customization to the form controls to make your forms unique and aligned with your design vision.

If you want to learn more about forms in bootstrap then you can check out this tutorial

Customizing Your Bootstrap Inputs

Bootstrap’s flexibility enables you to personalize your input forms according to your brand or project requirements.

Let’s explore some customization options:

Colors and Themes

Bootstrap offers a wide range of built-in theme classes that you can apply to your input forms. These classes allow you to match your brand colors or create a specific visual style for your forms. For example, you can use the .form-control-primary class to apply the primary color scheme to your inputs.

<input type="text" class="form-control form-control-primary" placeholder="Primary input">

In addition to the built-in theme classes, you can also customize the colors of your inputs by adding custom CSS styles. This provides more flexibility in achieving your desired design.

Borders and Shadows

Adjusting border styles and adding subtle shadows to your inputs can enhance their visual appeal. Bootstrap provides classes for different border styles, such as .rounded for rounded corners and .border-0 for removing borders.

<input type="text" class="form-control rounded" placeholder="Rounded input">
<input type="text" class="form-control border-0" placeholder="Borderless input">

Output:

You can also use CSS to add shadows to your inputs, giving them a more three-dimensional appearance.

.form-control {
  box-shadow: 0 2px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
}

Output:

Tooltips

Tooltips are small overlays that provide additional information relative form, or context for form fields. They can be used to clarify the purpose of an input or provide instructions on how to fill it correctly. Bootstrap has built-in tooltip functionality that can be applied to any form element.

<input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter your name" data-bs-toggle="tooltip" data-bs-placement="top" title="Please enter your full name">

Output:

By leveraging colors, borders, icons, and tooltips, you can customize your Bootstrap input group to create a unique and visually appealing user experience.

Best Practices for Effective Forms

Creating effective Bootstrap input forms goes beyond just adding elements and styling. It requires careful consideration of usability, accessibility, and overall user experience. Here are some best practices to keep in mind:

  • Prioritize Clarity: One of the most important aspects of a form is ensuring that users understand what information is expected in each field. Use clear and descriptive labels, placeholders, and instructions to guide users through the form completion process.

  • Minimize Friction: Keep your forms concise and focused on essential information. Minimize the number of required fields and avoid unnecessary complexity. The goal is to make it as easy as possible for users to complete the form without feeling overwhelmed or frustrated.

  • Mobile-First Design: With the growing number of mobile users, it’s crucial to optimize your forms for seamless functionality on smaller screens. Test your forms on various devices and ensure that they are responsive and easy to use on mobile devices.

  • Accessibility: Make sure your Bootstrap input forms comply with accessibility guidelines, such as those provided by the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG). This includes using proper HTML structure, providing alternative text for visual elements, and ensuring keyboard navigation is possible.

  • Validation: Implement clear and helpful error messages to guide users towards correct input. Use validation techniques like real-time validation or inline validation to provide immediate feedback when users enter incorrect data.

  • Visual Hierarchy: Design your forms with a clear visual hierarchy that guides users through the form completion process. Use spacing, typography, and visual cues to indicate the order of fields and highlight important elements.

By following these best practices, you can create Bootstrap input forms that are not only visually appealing but also intuitive and user-friendly.

Advanced Form Examples

These examples showcase well-designed forms from different use cases. Analyze their

strengths and weaknesses to gain insights into effective form design.

Custom Select Field

<div class="input-group">
    <select
      class="form-select"
      id="inputGroupSelect04"
      aria-label="Example select with button addon"
    >
      <option selected>Choose...</option>
      <option value="1">One</option>
      <option value="2">Two</option>
      <option value="3">Three</option>
    </select>
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Submit</button>
</div>

Output:

Custom File Input

This following example also shows a different design that you can use to allow the user to select custom file inputs.

<div class="input-group">
  <input
    type="file"
    class="form-control"
    id="inputGroupFile04"
    aria-describedby="inputGroupFileAddon04"
    aria-label="Upload"
  />
  <button
    class="btn btn-outline-primary"
    type="button"
    id="inputGroupFileAddon04"
  >
    Button
  </button>
</div>

Output:

As you can see in these examples we can add many functions to bootstrap inputs to meld them according to our requirements.

Advanced Techniques and Functionalities

Now that you have a solid foundation in Bootstrap input forms, let’s explore some advanced techniques and functionalities:

  • Text Masking: Text masking provides a guided input experience by enforcing specific patterns for user input. You can use libraries like InputMask to apply masks to your text inputs, restricting input to a predefined format (e.g., phone number, credit card number).

  • Date Pickers: Bootstrap offers several options for date picker components that allow users to select dates easily. Libraries like Bootstrap Datepicker or Flatpickr provide additional functionalities like range selection, disabled dates, and internationalization options.

  • Custom Input Types: While Bootstrap provides a wide range of input types, you may encounter situations where none of the built-in types fit your requirements. In such cases, you can create custom input types using HTML5 and CSS or leverage third-party libraries like Select2 or Choices.

  • Advanced Form Styling and Layout: Bootstrap’s grid system allows for flexible form layout design. You can use the grid classes (col-*) to create multi-column forms or align form elements in a specific way. Additionally, tabs and accordions can be used to organize complex forms into manageable sections.

  • Live Validation and Dynamic Feedback: Real-time validation provides immediate feedback to users as they fill out the form, preventing errors before submission. JavaScript libraries like Parsley.js or jQuery Validation can be used to implement live validation and dynamic feedback.

  • Form Submission and Processing Techniques: When handling form submissions, you have different options depending on your requirements. Traditional form submission with server-side processing is suitable for most cases. However, if you want a more interactive experience, you can use AJAX to submit and process form data asynchronously.

  • Dynamic Forms and Conditional Logic: Dynamic forms allow for adaptive behavior based on user interactions. You can show or hide specific form fields based on user choices or dynamically add or remove form elements. Libraries like Alpaca or Formik can help simplify the implementation of dynamic forms.

These advanced techniques and functionalities provide additional flexibility and interactivity to your Bootstrap input forms. Experiment with them to create more advanced and dynamic form experiences.

What we covered so far

In this comprehensive guide, we have explored the world of Bootstrap inputs, from understanding the core concepts to customizing and optimizing your input forms. By leveraging Bootstrap’s built-in styles and classes, you can create visually appealing forms that are responsive and accessible.

Remember, the key to effective Bootstrap input forms is prioritizing clarity, minimizing friction, and designing for mobile-first experiences. By following best practices and considering the user’s perspective, you can create forms that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also intuitive and user-friendly.

The examples provided serve as inspiration for your designs, while libraries and tools offer additional functionalities that can improve your form-building experience.

With the knowledge gained from this guide and your continued exploration, you now have the tools to create Bootstrap input forms that capture user data effectively and leave a positive impression.

Are you ready to take your web development skills to new heights? If yes, then you should check PureCode.ai

PureCode.ai is a developer tool that harnesses AI to transform design images into read-to-use front-end code. It is also a marketplace that offers over 10000 AI-generated custom components and allows the application of custom themes on top of Tailwind, MUI, and CSS3. You can check out PureCode by visiting their website: PureCode.ai.

Thank you for joining us on this Bootstrap input journey. We hope this guide has equipped you with the knowledge and inspiration to build fantastic forms. If you have any further questions or need specific code examples, feel free to reach out and share your experiences. Happy form-building!

Yash Poojari

Yash Poojari