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How to Master Web Design with Bootstrap Search Bar

Uncovering the Magic Of Bootstrap Search Bar

The search functionality plays a crucial role in enhancing user experience on websites and applications. Users rely on search bars to quickly find the information they need, navigate through large amounts of content, or filter data.

As a web developer, implementing an effective and user-friendly search bar is essential to ensure a smooth and efficient interaction between users and your website or application. I

Why Bootstrap Search Box?

  • The Bootstrap Search Bar has become an essential component in web development projects, offering versatile and customizable search functionality.

  • With Bootstrap 5, developers have access to a range of options for integrating search bars into various elements, including navbars, dropdowns, tables, and more.

This article aims to guide you through the process of setting up and customizing the search bar in bootstrap, as well as integrating them into different components. Whether you’re a web developer, UI/UX designer, or coding enthusiast, this resource will provide you with practical tips and techniques to enhance the search experience on your websites.

Getting Started with Bootstrap Search Bar

Setting up a basic Bootstrap Search Bar is straightforward and requires minimal coding.

To get started, you’ll need to create an input group using the input-group class. Within the input groups, use the form-outline class to style the search input and label.

<html>
<head>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/4.7.0/css/font-awesome.min.css">
<style>
* {box-sizing: border-box;}

body {
  margin: 0;
  font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}


.search-container {
  border: blue;
  float: right;
}

input[type=text] {
  padding: 10px;
  margin-top: 8vh;
  font-size: 17px;
  border: none;
}

 .search-container button {
  float: right;
  padding: 10px 14px;
  margin-top: 8vh;
  margin-right: 16vw;
  background: #ddd;
  font-size: 17px;
  border: none;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.search-container button:hover {
  background: #ccc;
}

@media screen and (max-width: 600px) {
  .search-container {
    float: none;
  }
  .search-container button {
    float: none;
    display: block;
    text-align: left;
    width: 100%;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 14px;
  }
  input[type=text] {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;  
  }
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

  <div class="search-container">
    <form action="/action_page.php">
      <input type="text" placeholder="Search.." name="search">
      <button type="submit"><i class="fa fa-search"></i></button>
    </form>
  </div>


</body>
</html>

In this example,

  • We have a search input wrapped in a form-outline container with a corresponding label. The search input has the ID “search bar,” which is referenced by the labels for the attribute.

  • Additionally, there is a search button with the Bootstrap button classes.

  • To customize the label text or placeholder, simply modify the corresponding attributes in the HTML code.

  • For instance, you can change the label text to “Type your query” by updating the label element as follows:

<label class="form-label" for="search-bar">Type your query</label>

Feel free to experiment with different styles, such as changing the color, font size, or alignment, by applying custom CSS classes to the search bar elements.

Now that you have a basic understanding of how to set up a Bootstrap Search Bar, let’s explore some variations to enhance the search experience further.

To have a better understanding of the basics of Bootstrap Search Boxes refer to the documentation at mdbootstrap.com

Variations of Bootstrap Search Bar

The Bootstrap framework offers several variations of the search bar, allowing you to customize it according to your specific requirements.

Let’s take a look at some common variations and their implementation.

1. Search with Icon

  • Adding an icon to the search input can provide visual cues to users and enhance the overall user experience.

  • To include a search icon, you can utilize the input-group-text class and place an <i> element inside a <span> element.


<div class="input-group rounded">
  <input type="search" class="form-control rounded" placeholder="Search" aria-label="Search" aria-describedby="search-addon" />
  <span class="input-group-text border-0" id="search-addon">
    <i class="fas fa-search"></i>
  </span>
</div>

In this code snippet,

  • We have added the rounded class to both the input and input group containers for a rounded appearance.

  • The <i> element contains the search icon, which is displayed within the <span> element. The border-0 class is applied to remove any border around the icon.

To customize the search icon, you can replace the <i> element with any desired icon from popular icon libraries like Font Awesome or Material Design Icons.

2. Search with Button

Another variation of the Bootstrap Search Bar is to replace the search icon with a search button.

This can be achieved by substituting the <span> element with a <button> element.

<html>
<head>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/4.7.0/css/font-awesome.min.css">
</head>
<body>

   <div style="margin-top: 10vh;margin-left: 10vw;" class="input-group">
    <input style="max-width: 20vw;" type="search" class="form-control rounded" placeholder="Search" aria-label="Search" aria-describedby="search-addon" />
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-outline-primary">search</button>
  </div>


</body>
</html>

In this example,

  • We have used the btn and btn-outline-primary classes to style the search button.

  • By default, the button text is set to “search,” but you can modify it by updating the inner content of the <button> element.

As with any other Bootstrap component, you can customize the search button’s appearance further by applying additional CSS classes or modifying its attributes.

3. Search without Additional Elements

In some cases, you may want a minimalistic search bar without any attached elements like icons or buttons.

Bootstrap provides a simple way to achieve this by using only the form-outline class.

<body>
  <div style="margin-top: 10vh;margin-left: 10vw; width: 50vw;" class="form-outline">
    <input type="search" id="search-bar" class="form-control" placeholder="Type query" aria-label="Search" />
  </div>
</body>

This code snippet demonstrates a search input wrapped in the form-outline container. The label is not required in this case since there are no additional elements attached. The placeholder attribute provides a hint to users about what they should enter in the search input.

Feel free to modify the placeholder text, styling, or other attributes as per your design requirements.

Now that we’ve explored different variations of the Bootstrap Search Bar, let’s move on to implementing search functionality and events.

Refer to this video tutorial for more different ways of implementing a search bar in Bootstrap

Search Events and Functionality

  • Adding functionality to the Bootstrap Search Bar involves triggering events based on user interactions.

  • These events can be customized to perform search operations or trigger other actions on the webpage.

<div class="input-group">
  <div class="form-outline">
    <input id="search-input" type="search" class="form-control" />
    <label class="form-label" for="search-input">Search</label>
  </div>
  <button id="search-button" type="button" class="btn btn-primary">
    <i class="fas fa-search"></i>
  </button>
</div>

In this example,

  1. We have added IDs to both the search input and search button elements for easy access in JavaScript.

  2. The search-input ID is used to target the input, while the search-button ID is used to target the button.

  3. To add an event that triggers when the search button is clicked, you can utilize JavaScript code.

  4. Here’s an example of how you can achieve this using vanilla JavaScript:

const searchButton = document.getElementById('search-button');
const searchInput = document.getElementById('search-input');

searchButton.addEventListener('click', () => {
  const query = searchInput.value;
  // Perform search operation or trigger other actions
});

In this JavaScript code snippet,

  1. We obtain references to both the search button and input elements using their respective IDs.

  2. We then add an event listener to the search button, which listens for a click event.

  3. When the button is clicked, the event listener function is executed, allowing you to access and utilize the entered query for performing search operations or triggering other actions.

You can customize the event behavior based on your requirements. For example, you can implement autocomplete functionality or make an AJAX request to fetch search results dynamically.

Refer to this blog at getbootstrap.com to know more about the search events and functionalities

Bootstrap Search Bar Options

Enhance your web development skills by delving into the diverse options available for customizing Bootstrap search bars. In this section, we’ll explore key Bootstrap classes and options that allow you to tailor the search bar according to your project’s needs.

OptionDescription
form-controlStyles the input field in the search bar.
btn-outline-successStyles the search button with an outline and a green color.
form-control-lgIncreases the height of the search input for a large-sized search bar.
form-control-smDecreases the height of the search input for a small-sized search bar.
justify-content-startAlign the search bar content to the start of the container (left alignment).
justify-content-endAlign the search bar content to the end of the container (right alignment).

Exploring Bootstrap Search Bar Options

Diving deeper into the world of Bootstrap search bars, let’s explore some key options and features that can enhance functionality:

  1. Search Input Sizing: Bootstrap provides size classes such as form-control-lg and form-control-sm to adjust the height of the search input, catering to different design preferences.

    
    <input class="form-control form-control-lg" type="search" placeholder="Large Search">
    <input class="form-control" type="search" placeholder="Default Search">
    <input class="form-control form-control-sm" type="search" placeholder="Small Search">
    
    

  2. Search Bar Alignment: Bootstrap’s utility classes allow you to control the alignment of the search bar within the navigation bar. Experiment with classes like justify-content-start and justify-content-end to position the search bar accordingly.

    
    <form class="form-inline justify-content-start">
       <!-- Search bar content -->
    </form>
    
    <form class="form-inline justify-content-end">
       <!-- Search bar content -->
    </form>
    
    

Now equipped with a comprehensive understanding of Bootstrap search bar features and customizations, take the next step by implementing this knowledge in your web projects. Experiment with various classes, and fine-tune its appearance to match your project’s aesthetic.

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Practical Implementations Of Bootstrap Search Boxes

Integrating Bootstrap Search Bar into Navbars

The Bootstrap framework makes it effortless to integrate the search component into a navigation bar, providing a unified user experience.

By following a few simple steps, you can seamlessly incorporate a search bar into your navbar.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <title>Bootstrap Search Bar Integration</title>
  <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
  <link href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
  <style>
    /* Custom CSS for Navbar and Search Bar */
    body {
      padding-top: 56px; /* Adjusted to accommodate fixed navbar */
    }

    .navbar {
      background-color: #a4b7ca;
    }

    .navbar-brand,
    .navbar-nav .nav-link {
      color: #ffffff;
    }

    .navbar-toggler-icon {
      background-color: #ffffff;
    }

    /* Custom styles for the search bar */
    .custom-search-bar {
      margin-right: 10px;
    }

    @media (max-width: 576px) {
      .custom-search-bar {
        margin-right: 0;
        margin-bottom: 10px;
      }
    }
  </style>
</head>

<body>

  <!-- Navigation Bar -->
  <nav class="navbar navbar-expand-lg navbar-light fixed-top">
    <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">
      <img src="purecodelogo" alt="Logo" />
    </a>
    <button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#navbarNav"
      aria-controls="navbarNav" aria-expanded="false" aria-label="Toggle navigation">
      <span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>
    </button>
    <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navbarNav">
      <ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto">
        <li class="nav-item active">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">Home <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">About</a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">Services</a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">Contact</a>
        </li>
      </ul>
    </div>
    <!-- Custom Bootstrap Search Bar -->
    <form class="form-inline my-2 my-lg-0 custom-search-bar">
      <input class="form-control mr-sm-2" type="search" placeholder="Search" aria-label="Search">
      <button class="btn btn-outline-light my-2 my-sm-0" type="submit">Search</button>
    </form>
  </nav>
</body>
</html>

In this code snippet,

  1. We have an example of a navbar with an input group containing the search bar.

  2. The navbar and navbar-expand-lg classes ensure proper alignment and responsiveness of the navbar.

  3. To integrate the search bar into the navbar, we place it within a <div> element with the input-group class.

  4. Adjusting the spacing (in this case, ps-5) can be done using Bootstrap’s spacing utility classes.

  5. You can further customize the navbar’s appearance and behavior by applying additional classes or modifying existing ones.

  6. Remember to update the IDs and label attributes accordingly to maintain accessibility.

Here is a video tutorial where they have practically implemented a bootstrap search box in a navbar in an application
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhDFv1MPMfE

Now that we’ve explored integrating the search component into navbars, let’s move on to integrating it with dropdowns.

Integrating Bootstrap Search Bar into Dropdowns

Integrating a search bar into dropdowns can enhance user experience by allowing users to quickly search for desired options within a large list.

The Bootstrap framework provides seamless integration between search bars and dropdowns.

Below is the html code for achieving this :

<body>

  <!-- Navigation Bar with Search Bar in Dropdown -->
  <nav class="navbar navbar-expand-lg navbar-light fixed-top">
    <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">
      <img src="purecodelogo"/>
    </a>
    <button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#navbarNav"
      aria-controls="navbarNav" aria-expanded="false" aria-label="Toggle navigation">
      <span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>
    </button>
    <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navbarNav">
      <ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto">
        <li class="nav-item active">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">Home <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">About</a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">Services</a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#">Contact</a>
        </li>
      </ul>
    </div>

    <!-- Custom Bootstrap Search Bar in Dropdown -->
    <div class="dropdown custom-dropdown">
      <button class="btn btn-outline-light dropdown-toggle" type="button" id="dropdownMenuButton"
        data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">
        Options
      </button>
      <div class="dropdown-menu" aria-labelledby="dropdownMenuButton">
        <form class="form-inline my-2 my-lg-0 custom-search-bar">
          <input class="form-control mr-sm-2" type="search" placeholder="Search" aria-label="Search">
          <button class="btn btn-outline-light my-2 my-sm-0" type="submit">Search</button>
        </form>
        <div class="dropdown-divider"></div>
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Option 1</a>
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Option 2</a>
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Option 3</a>
        <div class="dropdown-divider"></div>
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another Option 1</a>
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another Option 2</a>
        <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another Option 3</a>
      </div>
    </div>
  </nav>

  <!-- Your Page Content Goes Here -->

  <!-- Bootstrap JS and Popper.js -->
  <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.slim.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@popperjs/core@2.0.7/dist/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</body>

Now this is the CSS code to achieve the styling

<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <title>Bootstrap Search Bar in Dropdown</title>
  <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
  <link href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
  <style>
    /* Custom CSS for Navbar and Search Bar in Dropdown */
    body {
      padding-top: 56px; /* Adjusted to accommodate fixed navbar */
    }

    .navbar {
      background-color: #9ca1a5;
    }

    .navbar-brand,
    .navbar-nav .nav-link {
      color: #ffffff;
    }

    .navbar-toggler-icon {
      background-color: #ffffff;
    }

    /* Custom styles for the search bar in dropdown */
    .custom-dropdown {
      margin-right: 10px;
    }

    .custom-search-bar {
      width: 200px; /* Adjust width as needed */
    }

    @media (max-width: 576px) {
      .custom-dropdown {
        margin-right: 0;
        margin-bottom: 10px;
      }
    }
  </style>
</head>

In this example,

  1. we have a dropdown menu triggered by a button element with the dropdown-toggle class. The hidden-arrow class hides the default arrow icon associated with the button. The btn and btn-primary classes style the button.

  2. The dropdown menu itself is represented by an unordered list (<ul>) with the dropdown-menu and dropdown-menu-left classes. The aria-labelledby attribute associates the dropdown menu with the button’s ID.

  3. Inside the dropdown menu, we have an example of a search bar using the form-outline container. The mt-2 and mx-2 classes provide margin utility to ensure proper spacing within the dropdown.

  4. To further enhance the search functionality within the dropdown, we can utilize JavaScript to filter options based on user input.

Additionally, you can apply custom styles to the search input within the dropdown by adding CSS classes or modifying existing ones. This allows you to match the search bar’s appearance with your overall design theme.

Now that we have covered various aspects of integrating Bootstrap Search Bar into dropdowns, let’s proceed to the conclusion.

Conclusion: Unleashing the Power of Bootstrap Search Bar

In conclusion, Bootstrap Search Bar emerges as a dynamic and adaptable solution for integrating search functionality seamlessly into web development projects. Whether you’re aiming for a straightforward search bar, an icon-driven interface, or a fully integrated search experience within navbars and dropdowns, Bootstrap provides an extensive toolkit to cater to diverse needs.

Throughout this article, we’ve explored the diverse variations of Bootstrap Search Bar, guiding you on their implementation in your web projects. We’ve delved into the functional aspects, incorporating search events and seamlessly integrating search bars into navbars and dropdowns. By harnessing the capabilities of Bootstrap 5, you have the potential to elevate user experiences and create a frictionless search interface.

As you venture into implementing Bootstrap Search Bar, don’t shy away from experimentation with customizations and the myriad features that Bootstrap offers. The scope for crafting effective and user-friendly search experiences is limitless.

Ready to transform your projects? Take the plunge into the world of Bootstrap Search Bar and witness the possibilities. Additionally, explore PureCode.ai, an innovative developer tool leveraging AI to transform design images into ready-to-use front-end code. It is your gateway to streamlined and efficient web development. Explore PureCode.ai now and embark on a journey of enhanced creativity and efficiency in your development workflow.

Happy Coding !

Yash Poojari

Yash Poojari