Type to generate UI components from text

OR

Browse thousands of MUI, Tailwind, React components that are fully customizable and responsive.

Explore Components

CSS Animate: How to Create Smoother UI Animations

User experience is key in web design. Animations, when used effectively, can significantly enhance the overall user experience of an application by providing visual cues, feedback, and guidance.

In this article, we will explore some advanced CSS techniques and tools to take your UI animations to the next level. You will learn how to craft refined animations that not only look slick but also improve site performance and accessibility.

From understanding animation principles to leveraging specialist tools, you’ll pick up valuable tips and tricks to create smooth, subtle animations that delight users and bring your interfaces to life. By the end, you’ll have the skills to build dynamic, animated interfaces that feel responsive, intuitive, and enjoyable.

Just before diving in, check this video:

So, now, let’s dive in!

Importance of Animations in Enhancing User Experience

Animations play a pivotal role in enhancing the overall user experience of a website or application. When used effectively, animations guide and engage users, provide visual cues, and make interfaces more intuitive and responsive.

Animations can significantly improve UX in several ways:

  • Visual Feedback: Animations provide immediate visual feedback on user actions. For instance, a button changing color when clicked gives the user a sense of interaction and assures them that their action has been acknowledged and processed.

  • Guidance: They guide users through the flow of the application, subtly leading them from one point to another. This can be particularly useful in complex applications where the user might otherwise feel lost.

  • Visual Appeal: Well-designed animations make the interface more aesthetically pleasing. They can add a sense of fun and delight, making the user experience more enjoyable and memorable.

  • Reducing Cognitive Load: By visually representing changes on the screen, animations can help reduce the cognitive load on users. Instead of reading text or interpreting static images, users can understand the context through intuitive visual cues.

  • Creating a Sense of Space: Animations can help create a sense of spatial orientation, giving users a clear understanding of the relationship between different elements on the page.

  • Loading Indicators: They can distract users during load times, making the wait seem shorter and reducing user frustration.

What is CSS Animation?

CSS Animations provide a way to animate transitions from one CSS style configuration to another. They allow you to define multiple keyframes with different styling rules and have the browser automatically interpolate between them over a specified duration.

This enables you to create complex and smooth animated effects without the need for JavaScript.

Keyframe CSS

Keyframes play a crucial role in CSS animations. They specify the animation’s behavior during one cycle of the animation duration, allowing you to create complex animations by defining multiple stages of the animation.

Understanding Keyframes

In CSS, @keyframes is an at-rule that defines the behavior of one cycle of an animation. The @keyframes rule includes the animation name and any number of keyframes, each of which defines the styles of the element at a particular point in time.

Creating an Animation with Keyframes

Let’s create a simple slide-right animation using keyframes.

The snippet below exemplifies how simple animations can go a long way. This animation will move an element from the left side of the screen to the right over 3 seconds:

@keyframes slide-right {
  0% {
    transform: translateX(0);
  }
  100% {
    transform: translateX(100px);
  }
}

.slide-right {
  animation: slide-right 3s linear;
}

Above, the @keyframes rule defines a slide-right animation. Say you want to style an element so it slides in from the right side of the browser window, like so. The animation starts at 0% (the beginning of the animation) with the element at its original position (translateX(0)). At 100% (the end of the animation), the element has moved 100 pixels to the right (translateX(100px)).

The .slide-right class applies this animation to an element. The animation shorthand property sets the name of the animation (slide-right), the duration of the animation (3s), and the timing function of the animation (linear).

Animatable CSS Properties and Their Usage

Not all CSS properties are animatable, but a significant number are, including width, height, opacity, color, background-color, transform, and many others. These properties, when animated, can create various effects like fade-ins, transformations, rotations, color changes, and more.

Here’s an example of animating the width property:

@keyframes animateWidth {
  from {width: 50px;}
  to {width: 100px;}
}

#myDiv {
  width: 50px;
  height: 10px;
  animation: animateWidth 2s linear infinite;
  border: 2px solid red;
}

<div id="myDiv"></div>
Animatable CSS Width Property

CSS animations can greatly enhance the look and feel of a website. For instance, they can be used to draw attention to important elements, guide users through a process, provide feedback, create a sense of spatial orientation, and make the interface feel more responsive and fluid.

Types of CSS Animation

CSS Text Animation

CSS Text Animation is a technique that involves animating the text content of your web pages using CSS. This can create a variety of effects, such as fading, sliding, color-changing, and more, to make your text more dynamic and engaging.

Importance of Animated Typography Animated typography can significantly enhance the user experience on your website. It can draw attention to important content, provide visual feedback, guide users through a process, and add a sense of fun and interactivity to your site.

Various Text Animation Techniques There are several techniques you can use to animate text with CSS. Here are a few cases:

  • Rainbow Effect: This effect changes the color of the text over time, creating a rainbow-like visual. This can be achieved using CSS animations and keyframes.

@keyframes rainbow {
  0% {color: red;}
  14% {color: orange;}
  28% {color: yellow;}
  42% {color: green;}
  57% {color: blue;}
  71% {color: indigo;}
  85% {color: violet;}
  100% {color: red;}
}

h1 {
  animation: rainbow 5s linear infinite;
}

<h1>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. </h1>
Rainbow Effect
  • Shadow Effect: This effect adds a shadow to the text that moves, creating a sense of depth. This is achieved using the text-shadow property and CSS animations.
@keyframes shadow {
  0% {text-shadow: 10px 10px 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.5);}
  50% {text-shadow: -10px -10px 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.5);}
  100% {text-shadow: 10px 10px 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.5);}
}

h1 {
  animation: shadow 2s ease-in-out infinite;
}

<h1>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. </h1>
Shadow Effect
  • Glitch Effect: This effect makes the text appear as if it’s glitching or flickering. This can be achieved using CSS animations and the clip-path property.

@keyframes glitch {
  0% {clip-path: inset(100% 0 1% 0);}
  5% {clip-path: inset(67% 0 30% 0);}
  10% {clip-path: inset(20% 0 18% 0);}
  15% {clip-path: inset(40% 0 21% 0);}
  20% {clip-path: inset(75% 0 10% 0);}
  25% {clip-path: inset(45% 0 40% 0);}
  30% {clip-path: inset(20% 0 25% 0);}
  35% {clip-path: inset(60% 0 10% 0);}
  40% {clip-path: inset(30% 0 25% 0);}
  45% {clip-path: inset(70% 0 15% 0);}
  50% {clip-path: inset(40% 0 45% 0);}
  55% {clip-path: inset(80% 0 10% 0);}
  60% {clip-path: inset(50% 0 50% 0);}
  65% {clip-path: inset(85% 0 5% 0);}
  70% {clip-path: inset(80% 0 10% 0);}
  75% {clip-path: inset(50% 0 50% 0);}
  80% {clip-path: inset(90% 0 1% 0);}
  85% {clip-path: inset(60% 0 30% 0);}
  90% {clip-path: inset(70% 0 15% 0);}
  95% {clip-path: inset(50% 0 50% 0);}
  100% {clip-path: inset(75% 0 20% 0);}
}

h1 {
  animation: glitch 2s steps(20) infinite;
}

<h1>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. </h1>
Glitch Effect

CSS Color Animation

CSS Color Animation is a technique that involves animating the color properties of your web elements using CSS. This can create a variety of effects, such as color transitions, color pulsing, gradient animations, and more, to make your elements more dynamic and engaging.

Animated Background and Text Color Variations Animating the background or text color of an element can add visual interest and draw attention to specific content. For example, you can animate the background color of a button to change when a user hovers over it, providing visual feedback and enhancing interactivity.

@keyframes colorChange {
  0% { background-color: blue; }
  50% { background-color: green; }
  100% { background-color: red; }
}

button {
  animation: colorChange 2s infinite;
}
Animated Button

Application to Buttons, Borders, and Elements for Visual Emphasis Color animations can be applied to various elements for visual emphasis. For instance, you can animate the border color of an input field to change when it’s focused, helping users understand where they’re currently interacting. Similarly, you can animate the color of headings or important text to draw attention to them.

Example: Alternating Background Colors Here’s an example of an animation that alternates the background color of a div:

@keyframes alternateColors {
  0% { background-color: yellow; }
  33% { background-color: cyan; }
  66% { background-color: magenta; }
  100% { background-color: yellow; }
}

div {
  animation: alternateColors 4s linear infinite;
}
Alternating Background Colors

Slide-in Animation

Slide-in animation is a popular CSS animation technique that involves moving elements into the viewport from off-screen. This can create a variety of effects, such as sliding menus, banners, images, or text, making your web pages more dynamic and engaging.

Creating a Slide-in Effect from Different Directions:

You can create a slide-in effect from different directions (top, bottom, left, right) using CSS animations and the transform property. The transform property allows you to translate (move), rotate, scale, and skew elements.

The animation-direction property defines the direction of the animation. If you use the normal or default value, then the animation will play forwards. If you use reverse , it will play backwards.

@keyframes slideInLeft {
  0% {
    transform: translateX(-100%);
    opacity: 0;
  }
  100% {
    transform: translateX(0);
    opacity: 1;
  }
}

div {
  animation: slideInLeft 2s forwards;
}
Slide-in Effect


CSS Rotate Animation

CSS Rotate Animation is a useful feature for web developers that allows them to create dynamic and interesting visual effects on their pages. This animation involves rotating an element in 2D or 3D space, and it can couple with other animations to provide more complicated effects.

Rotation in 2D and 3D Space

In CSS, we can rotate an element around a fixed point, which is the center of the element by default. The `transform` property applies 2D rotation. The `rotate()` function accepts an angle as a parameter, which specifies how much the element should rotate.

Here’s a simple example of a 2D rotation:


@keyframes rotate {
    0% {
        transform: rotate(0deg);
    }
    50% {
        transform: rotate(180deg);
    }
    100% {
        transform: rotate(360deg);
    }
}

div {
    animation: rotate 2s infinite;
}
2D Rotate

For 3D rotations, CSS offers the rotateX(), rotateY(), and rotateZ() functions. These functions rotate the element around the X, Y, and Z axes, respectively.

Setting multiple animation property values The CSS animation longhand properties can accept multiple values, separated by commas. This feature can apply multiple animations in a single rule and set different durations, iteration counts, etc., for each of the animations.

Here’s an example of a 3D rotation:

@keyframes rotate3d {
    0% {
        transform: rotateX(5deg) rotateY(45deg) rotateZ(180deg);
    }
    50% {
        transform: rotateX(20deg) rotateY(65deg) rotateZ(270deg);
    }
    100% {
        transform: rotateX(0deg) rotateY(180deg) rotateZ(45deg);
    }
}

div {
    animation: rotate3d 2s infinite;
}
3D Rotate

CSS Wave Animation

CSS Wave Animation is a unique and visually appealing type of animation that can be used to create a wave-like motion on your web pages. This animation can be applied to multiple HTML objects to create a variety of effects.

Unique Use Case of Rotate Animation The wave animation is a unique use case of the rotate animation. By applying the rotate animation to multiple elements in a sequential manner, we can create a wave-like motion. This can be achieved by using CSS keyframes and the animation-delay property.

Here’s a simple example of a wave animation:

@keyframes wave {
    0%, 100% {
        transform: rotate(0deg);
    }
    50% {
        transform: rotate(20deg);
    }
}

.wave {
    animation: wave 1s infinite;
}
Wave Animation

Creating Wave-Like Motion with Multiple HTML Objects We can apply the wave animation to each object with a different delay to create a wave-like motion with multiple HTML objects. The animation-delay property specifies the start time of the animation.

Let’s consider an example where we create a background that moves like waves. We’ll use multiple div elements with different animation delays to create this effect:

<div class="wave" style="animation-delay: 0s;"></div>
<div class="wave" style="animation-delay: 0.5s;"></div>
<div class="wave" style="animation-delay: 1s;"></div>
<!-- Add more div elements as needed -->

.wave {
    position: absolute;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
    background: linear-gradient(45deg, #3498db, #9b59b6);
    animation: wave 3s infinite linear;
}

@keyframes wave {
    0%, 100% {
        background-position: 0 0;
    }
    50% {
        background-position: 400px 0;
    }
}
Background Wave

CSS Glow Animation

CSS Glow Animation is a versatile tool that can be used to enhance the ambiance of a website. It can be applied to various elements such as text, buttons, borders, and loading animations to create a glowing effect.

Glow effects can add a touch of elegance and dynamism to a website. They can highlight important elements, create a sense of depth, or simply make the site more visually appealing. The box-shadow property in CSS can create a glow effect.

@keyframes glow {
    0%, 100% {
      box-shadow: 0 0 50px #00ff00;
    }
    50% {
      box-shadow: 0 0 0px #00ff00;
    }
}

.glow {
    animation: glow 1s infinite;
}
Glow

The glow effect can be applied to various elements on a webpage. For instance, you can apply it to text to make it stand out, to buttons to make them more noticeable, or to borders to highlight certain elements. You can also use it in loading animations to create a pulsating effect.

Here’s an example of a glowing button:

button {
    background-color: #008CBA;
    border: none;
    color: white;
    padding: 15px 32px;
    text-align: center;
    text-decoration: none;
    display: inline-block;
    font-size: 16px;
    transition: box-shadow 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

button:hover {
    box-shadow: 0 0 10px #00ff00;
}
Glowing Button

Example: Glowing Gradient Button on Hover Let’s consider an example where we create a button that glows with a gradient color on hover. We’ll use the box-shadow property to create the glow effect and CSS transitions to animate the glow on hover:

.button {
    background: linear-gradient(45deg, #ff0066, #ffdd00);
    border: none;
    color: white;
    padding: 15px 32px;
    text-align: center;
    text-decoration: none;
    display: inline-block;
    font-size: 16px;
    transition: box-shadow 0.5s ease-in-out;
}

.button:hover {
    box-shadow: 0 0 20px #ff0066, 0 0 30px #ffdd00, 0 0 40px #ff0066;
}
Gradient GLow

CSS Bounce Animation

CSS Bounce Animation is a lively and engaging type of animation that can be used to draw attention to specific elements on a webpage. It involves creating a bouncing effect, which can be used for a grand entrance or to indicate activity.

Creating a Bouncing Effect for a Grand Entrance A bouncing effect can be used to make an element enter the screen in a lively and noticeable manner. This can be achieved using CSS keyframes and the animation property.

@keyframes bounce {
    0%, 100% {
        transform: translateY(0);
    }
    50% {
        transform: translateY(-20px);
    }
}

.bounce {
    animation: bounce 1s infinite;
}
CSS Bounce Animation

Example: Three-Dot Loading Animation Let’s consider an example where we create a three-dot loading animation with a bouncing effect. We’ll use multiple div elements with different animation delays to create this effect:

<div class="dot" style="animation-delay: 0s;"></div>
<div class="dot" style="animation-delay: 0.1s;"></div>
<div class="dot" style="animation-delay: 0.2s;"></div>

.dot {
    display: inline-block;
    width: 10px;
    height: 10px;
    border-radius: 50%;
    background-color: #000;
    animation: bounce 0.6s infinite alternate;
}

@keyframes bounce {
    0%, 100% {
        transform: translateY(0);
    }
    50% {
        transform: translateY(-15px);
    }
}
Three-Dot Loading Animation

CSS Fade-in Animation

CSS Fade-in Animation is a subtle yet effective approach to improving user experience on your website. It entails the progressive emergence of elements, which can be used to produce a smooth transition effect for photos, text, and other elements.

Gradual Appearance of Images and Text A fade-in effect can be used to make an element appear gradually, creating a smooth transition. This can be achieved using CSS keyframes and the animation property.

@keyframes fadeIn {
    0% {
        opacity: 0;
    }
    100% {
        opacity: 1;
    }
}

.fadeIn {
    animation: fadeIn 1s infinite;
}
FadeIn

CSS Hover Animation

Hover animations are a strong technique for increasing interactivity and user engagement on a website. They are triggered when a user moves their cursor over an element, resulting in dynamic visual effects that can dramatically improve the user experience.

Understanding Hover Animation In CSS, the :hover pseudo-class is used to select and style an element when the user hovers over it. This can be applied to any HTML element, including text, images, buttons, and more. The style changes could include transformations, color changes, or other CSS property alterations.

Creating a Hover Animation Let’s consider an instance where we want a button to change its size and display sparks when hovered over. Here’s how you can achieve this with CSS:

.button {
  transition: transform 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

.button:hover {
  transform: scale(1.1);
}

.button::before,
.button::after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  width: 2px;
  height: 2px;
  background: #ffc600;
  border-radius: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  animation: sparks 0.5s infinite;
}

@keyframes sparks {
  0% {
    box-shadow:
      -5px -5px,
      5px -5px,
      -5px 5px,
      5px 5px;
  }
  50% {
    box-shadow:
      -10px -10px,
      10px -10px,
      -10px 10px,
      10px 10px;
  }
  100% {
    box-shadow:
      -5px -5px,
      5px -5px,
      -5px 5px,
      5px 5px;
  }
}
Hover Animation

Infinite Loading Animation

Infinite loading animations are a creative way to make the loading process more engaging for users. They can help reduce the perceived waiting time and keep users entertained while the content is loading.

Understanding Infinite Loading Animation Infinite loading animations are a type of CSS animation that loops indefinitely until the loading process is complete. They can take many forms, such as spinning wheels, pulsating dots, or progress bars.

Creating an Infinite Loading Animation Let’s create an example of an infinite loading animation using CSS. We’ll create a simple animation of three bouncing dots:

.loader {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
}

.dot {
  width: 10px;
  height: 10px;
  margin: 0 5px;
  background: #333;
  border-radius: 50%;
  animation: bounce 1s infinite ease-in-out;
}

.dot:nth-child(2) {
  animation-delay: 0.2s;
}

.dot:nth-child(3) {
  animation-delay: 0.4s;
}

@keyframes bounce {
  0%, 80%, 100% {
    transform: scale(0);
  }
  40% {
    transform: scale(1);
  }
}
Loader

CSS Animation Tutorial

Creating animations using CSS may appear difficult at first, but if you grasp the fundamentals, it becomes a great tool for improving the interaction and visual appeal of your website. In this article, we will use keyframes to construct a simple slide-in animation for a text.

Step 1: Define the HTML Structure

First, let’s define the HTML structure. We’ll create a div element with a class of animated-paragraph:

<div class="animated-paragraph">
  <p>This is an animated paragraph.</p>
</div>

Step 2: Define the Keyframes

Next, we’ll define the keyframes for our animation. We’ll create a slide-in animation that moves the paragraph from the left side of the screen to its original position:

@keyframes slide-in {
  0% {
    transform: translateX(-100%);
  }
  100% {
    transform: translateX(0);
  }
}

In this @keyframes rule, the animation starts at 0% with the paragraph off the left side of the screen (translateX(-100%)). At 100%, the paragraph has moved to its original position (translateX(0)).

Step 3: Apply the Animation

Now, we’ll apply the animation to our paragraph:

.animated-paragraph p {
  animation: slide-in 2s ease-out;
}

In this CSS rule, the animation shorthand property sets the name of the animation (slide-in), the duration of the animation (2s), and the timing function of the animation (ease-out).

Animista

Animista

Animista is a feature-rich online tool that allows you to create and customize CSS animations to suit your web design needs. It offers a wide range of pre-built animations, all of which can be tweaked and fine-tuned to match your specific requirements.

Overview of Animista

Animista provides a user-friendly interface where you can select an animation type, and then adjust its properties such as duration, delay, iteration count, and direction. The tool supports a variety of animation types including text, background, scaling, rotation, translation, and more. This makes it a versatile tool for both beginners and experienced developers.

Customization Options and Code Generation One of the key features of Animista is its customization options. You can modify various aspects of the animation such as easing, timing, and delay to create a unique effect. For instance, if you’re working with text animation, you can adjust the properties to create a typing, swash, or fade-in effect.

Animista Customisations

Once you’ve customized your animation, Animista generates the CSS code for you. This code can be copied and pasted directly into your project’s CSS file.

Keyframes App

Keyframes App

Keyframes App is an innovative online tool that allows you to create complex CSS animations using a visual timeline editor. It provides a user-friendly interface where you can define keyframes and animation properties, preview the animation, and extract the generated CSS code for implementation in your projects.

Introduction to Keyframes App for Keyframe Animations Keyframes App is designed to simplify the process of creating keyframe animations. It provides a visual timeline editor where you can define the state of the element at different points in time. You can adjust various properties such as transform, opacity, and background color at each keyframe.

Keyframes App

One of the standout features of the Keyframes App is its support for easing functions. You can apply different easing functions to each keyframe to control the pacing of the animation.

Visual Timeline Editor and Property Definition

The visual timeline editor in the Keyframes App allows you to visually define the state of the element at each keyframe. You can drag and drop keyframes on the timeline, adjust their properties, and preview the animation in real time.

Different Types Of CSS Animations

The table below provides a quick comparison of some key CSS animation types covered in the article outline. It summarizes the description, typical use cases, and complexity level of each animation technique.

Animation TypeDescriptionUse CasesComplexity
Text AnimationAnimates text content like color, glitch, fade effectsDraw attention, provide feedbackBeginner
Color AnimationAnimates background, text, border colorsVisual emphasis, feedbackBeginner
Slide AnimationMoves elements into the viewportSliding menus, bannersBeginner
Rotate AnimationRotates element in 2D/3D spaceVisual effectsIntermediate
Wave AnimationCreates wave-like motionBackgrounds, bannersIntermediate
Glow AnimationCreates glowing effect with box-shadowButtons, text, bordersBeginner
Bounce AnimationCreates bouncing effectDraw attention, indicate activityBeginner
Fade AnimationFades element in/outSmooth transitionsBeginner
Hover AnimationAnimates on hover eventIncrease interactivityIntermediate
Loading AnimationLoops infinitelyReduce perceived wait timesIntermediate

FAQs

  • Can you animate with CSS?

Yes, CSS animations allow you to animate transitions and changes on a webpage without the need for JavaScript. CSS animations are declared using CSS styles and selectors.

  • Are CSS animations worth learning?

Yes, CSS animations are simpler to implement compared to JavaScript animations. They have good browser support and do not affect webpage performance significantly. CSS animations are worth learning for smooth UI animations.

  • Is CSS animation better than JavaScript animation?

CSS animations are simpler to develop, however, JavaScript provides greater flexibility and control. CSS is ideal for simple UI animations, whereas JavaScript is ideal for sophisticated sequences. Using both at the same time can be effective.

  • Is it difficult to learn CSS animation?

No, CSS animation basics are relatively simple to learn. With keyframes, animation properties, and transitions, you can start animating quickly. More complex techniques have a learning curve but are manageable.

  • Can CSS animations affect performance?

Minimally, as animations are computed on the GPU. Simpler animations have negligible impact. Complex sequences or many elements may affect performance, so testing on target devices is recommended. Optimizing with will-change and animation events can help.

  • Should I use CSS or JavaScript for animation?

CSS is recommended for simple UI animations such as hover effects, transitions, and sequential animations. JavaScript may be preferable for complicated interactivity, physics, or animation sequences. Combining CSS with JavaScript is a potent combination.

  • What are the key things to know about CSS animation?

Keyframes, animation properties like duration and timing function, transitions, and animation events are essential to learning. Best practices like reducing complexity, using will-change, and testing performance are also key for smooth animations

Looking for a full course, check this video out:

Wrapping Up

With the knowledge you’ve gained from this guide, you’re now well-equipped to start creating your own CSS animations and enhancing your web projects with dynamic, interactive effects.

As you build your CSS animations, I highly recommend checking out Purecode AI.

Purecode AI is a marketplace library with over 10,000 custom AI-generated components of Tailwind CSS, CSS3, and MUI that you can use in your projects. It’s a great resource for finding pre-made animation components that will save you time and effort in implementing responsive designs.

So go forth and start animating! And be sure to leverage tools like Purecode AI to accelerate your workflow. Happy coding!

Emmanuel Uchenna

Emmanuel Uchenna

Emmanuel is an experienced and enthusiastic software developer and technical writer with 4+ proven years of professional experience. He focuses on full-stack web development. He is fluent in React, TypeScript, VueJS, and NodeJS and familiar with industry-standard technologies such as version control, headless CMS, and JAMstack. He is passionate about knowledge sharing.