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How to Use Material UI Slider: Build Custom Sliders

Material-UI is a popular library for building user interfaces in React applications. It offers sets of components that follow the Material Design guidelines. The MUI Slider is a versatile and customizable tool for users to select values from a range.

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Material UI Slider – Video Resource

This comprehensive guide explores the MUI Slider component, how to use it, and how to customize it to meet your needs.

How does the MUI slider component work?

The Material-UI Slider component adds interactive value selection to your web applications. It provides a visually appealing and user-friendly way for users to pick values within a specified range.

Understanding the Basics

At its core, the MUI Slider is composed of two main elements:

  1. Track: It represents the full range of values that users can select. It serves as the background over which the thumb moves. The track visually communicates the available values.

  2. Thumb: The thumb is the draggable element allowing users interaction. The users can click and drag along the track to select their desired value. The thumb’s position corresponds to the selected value.

Importance of Sliders in User Interfaces

Sliders are a fundamental component in user interface design, offering several advantages that significantly enhance the user experience. Some sliders in user interfaces include;

  • Intuitive Interaction

    • Sliders provide an intuitive and easily understandable way for users to select values within a defined range. Unlike the input fields where users type in numbers or use buttons to increment or decrement values, sliders offer a visual and interactive method that closely resembles real-world actions. Users can click and drag the thumb to make their selections. It closely mirrors turning a physical dial, knob, or sliding lever.

  • Visual Feedback

    • Sliders provide immediate visual feedback, aiding users in understanding the impact of their selections. While interacting, they can see how their choices correspond to the range of available values. This real-time visual feedback helps users make informed decisions and improves the user experience.

  • Space-Efficient Design

    • Sliders are often more space-efficient than other input methods. Sliders require minimal space. It is helpful in applications such as mobile apps or responsive web designs.

  • Multifunctional Use

    • Sliders have versatile applications. They can be adapted to suit various purposes, from setting preferences to selecting dates, adjusting filter criteria, controlling audio and video playback, and representing data ranges in data visualization. Their versatility makes them a valuable addition to many types of user interfaces.

Prerequisites

Before you begin with Material-UI, have the following prerequisites in place:

  1. Node.js and npm: Download and install from the official website (https://nodejs.org/).

  2. A Code Editor: Popular choices include Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text, or WebStorm.

  3. Basic Knowledge of JavaScript and React: If you’re new to React, consider going through the official React documentation (https://reactjs.org/).

Getting Started

Start by creating a new React project or integrating Material-UI into an existing one. We’ll focus on creating a new project using the Create React App.

Step 1: Create a New React App

Open your terminal and run the following command to create a new React application using Create React App (CRA):

npx create-react-app my-material-ui-app

Replace my-material-ui-app with your desired project name.

Step 2: Navigate to Your Project Directory

Using the following command:

cd my-material-ui-app

Step 3: Install Material-UI

You can install Material-UI and its peer dependencies using npm or yarn.

npm install @mui/material @mui/icons-material

The command installs Material-UI’s core package (@mui/material) and the icons package (@mui/icons-material).

Basic Usage

Material-UI provides many components, including buttons, input fields, app bars, cards, and more. You can explore the Material-UI documentation (https://mui.com/components) to find the components.

Import Material-UI Components

Open your project in a code editor and navigate to the file where you want to use Material-UI components. Import the components you need at the top like this:

import React from 'react';
import Button from '@mui/material/Button';
import Typography from '@mui/material/Typography';

function MyApp() {
  return (
    <div>
      <Typography variant="h1">Hello, Material-UI!</Typography>
      <Button variant="contained" color="primary">
        Click Me
      </Button>
    </div>
  );
}

export default MyApp;

In this example, we’ve imported Button and Typography components from Material-UI.

Controlled vs. Uncontrolled Sliders

Material-UI provides two fundamental approaches for managing the state and behavior of sliders: controlled and uncontrolled MUI sliders.

Controlled Sliders

The application’s state controls the MUI slider. Specify the value explicitly and update it in response to user interactions or changes in the application’s state.

Characteristics of Controlled Sliders:

  1. State Management: You maintain the state in your component’s state or a state management solution like Redux or React context.

  2. Control: You control the behavior and can synchronize its value with other components or data sources.

  3. Explicit Value Assignment: You set the value property in the component’s code; it determines the current position.

Example of a Controlled Slider:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function ControlledSlider() {
  const [sliderValue, setSliderValue] = useState(50);

  const handleSliderChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setSliderValue(newValue);
    // Perform any additional actions based on the new value
  };

  return (
    <Slider value={sliderValue} onChange={handleSliderChange} />
  );
}

Uncontrolled Sliders

Uncontrolled sliders (uncontrolled components) are sliders that manage their state internally. In this approach, the slider value stays within the slider component itself. You rely on callbacks to access this value.

Characteristics of Uncontrolled Sliders:

  1. Internal State Management: The slider component manages its value internally, which simplifies your component code.

  2. Event-Based Updates: Instead of explicitly setting the value, you provide an event handler to capture changes when the user interacts.

  3. Simplified Integration: Uncontrolled sliders are straightforward to integrate but offer less direct control over their state.

Example of an Uncontrolled Slider:

import React from 'react';
import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function UncontrolledSlider() {
  const handleSliderChange = (event, newValue) => {
    // Handle the slider value change, if needed
  };

  return (
    <Slider onChange={handleSliderChange} />
  );
}

When to Choose Controlled vs. Uncontrolled Sliders

  • Controlled Sliders: Use controlled sliders when you need fine-grained control over the slider’ state and behavior. Or when you want to synchronize the slider value indicator.

  • Uncontrolled Sliders: Choose uncontrolled sliders for a more straightforward integration with minimal state management in your component. Uncontrolled sliders can be easier to set up and are often sufficient for simple use cases.

Handling Value Changes (Handling Events)

Handling value changes builds interactive and responsive user interfaces. Let’s explore the various ways you can handle value changes.

Using the onChange Event

The primary method for handling value changes in Material-UI Sliders is the onChange event. The onChange event is fired whenever the user interacts and changes its value. It provides the new value as an argument to the event handler. How to use it:

  1. Create a controlled or uncontrolled slider (discussed in the Controlled vs. Uncontrolled Sliders section).

  2. Add an onChange event handler. The event handler takes two arguments: the event object and the new value.

  3. Update the component’s state with the new value. If you’re using a controlled slider, this is typically done by setting the state variable that manages the slider value.

Here’s a code example illustrating how to handle value changes in a controlled Material-UI Slider:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function ControlledSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={value} onChange={handleChange} />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

export default ControlledSlider;

The handleChange function is called every time the user interacts. It updates the value state variable to reflect the new value.

Other Event Handlers

Apart from the onChange event, Material-UI Sliders provide additional event handlers.

  • onMouseDown: The event triggers when the user presses the mouse button on the slider thumb. It can perform actions when the user initiates interaction.

  • onMouseUp: It triggers when the user releases the mouse button after interacting with the slider thumb. It’s useful for post-interaction actions.

  • onFocus: The onFocus event fires when the slider gains focus. It can apply styles or manage focus-related behavior.

  • onBlur: The onBlur event fires when the MUI slider loses focus. It can be used to handle blur-related actions or styling.

Enabling and Disabling Slider Component

Material-UI Sliders can be enabled or disabled using the “disabled” prop. When a slider is disabled, users can’t interact with it.

Here’s how:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function DisabledSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <h3>Disabled Slider Example</h3>
      <Slider value={value} onChange={handleChange} disabled />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

export default DisabledSlider;

Styling the Slider

Material-UI provides extensive customization options for styling the Slider component and allows you to add labels for a more informative and visually appealing user interface. How to style Sliders;

Styling the Slider

Customizing the appearance is a feature that lets you match the slider design to your application’s branding and visual identity. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to style the Slider component:

1. Create a Custom Theme

Define a custom theme, desired colors, image filters, typography, and other design elements. Material-UI’s createTheme function allows you to create a custom theme.

import { createTheme } from '@mui/material/styles';

const customTheme = createTheme({
  // Define your custom theme properties here
  palette: {
    primary: {
      main: '#007bff', // Change the primary color
    },
  },
});

2. Apply the Custom Theme

Wrap your application with the custom theme using the ThemeProvider from Material-UI. It ensures that your custom theme is applied to all Material-UI components within the wrapped component.

import React from 'react';
import { ThemeProvider } from '@mui/material/styles';
import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

const customTheme = createTheme({
  // Define your custom theme properties here
  // ...
});

function MyApp() {
  return (
    <ThemeProvider theme={customTheme}>
      <Slider value={50} onChange={handleChange} />
    </ThemeProvider>
  );
}

3. Override Styles

Use Material-UI’s makeStyles function. Define a function that returns the custom styles for the Slider and apply those styles to the Slider component.

import { makeStyles } from '@mui/styles';

const useStyles = makeStyles({
  sliderRoot: {
    color: 'red', // Change the color of the track
  },
});

function MyApp() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <ThemeProvider theme={customTheme}>
      <Slider classes={{ root: classes.sliderRoot }} value={50} onChange={handleChange} />
    </ThemeProvider>
  );
}

Adding Labels

Adding labels to Material-UI Sliders provides users valuable information about the selected value, making the interface more user-friendly and informative. The two common types of labels are value labels and tooltip labels.

Value Labels

Value labels are static labels that display the current selected value. You can add a value label to a Slider by including a valueLabelDisplay prop. Here’s an example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function MyApp() {
  return (
    <Slider
      value={50}
      onChange={handleChange}
      valueLabelDisplay="auto" // Display the value label
    />
  );
}

The valueLabelDisplay prop accepts three values: (on, off, and auto). The “auto” will display the value label only when the user interacts.

Tooltip Labels

Tooltip labels (tooltips) display a temporary label when interacting in the Slider. The label provides a dynamic and interactive way to show the value. To enable tooltip labels, use the valueLabelDisplay prop with the value “on” and valueLabelFormat to define the label content.

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function MyApp() {
  return (
    <Slider
      value={50}
      onChange={handleChange}
      valueLabelDisplay="on" // Display the tooltip label
      valueLabelFormat={(value) => `${value}%`} // Define the label content
    />
  );
}

In this example, the valueLabelFormat function defines the format of the tooltip label, including the value and any additional text you want to display.

Custom Icons

Material-UI Slider components offer the flexibility to use custom icons instead of the default thumb icon, allowing you to personalize the MUI Slider. The feature is helpful to create a unique user interface that aligns with your application’s design and branding.

Using Custom Icons

To replace the default thumb icon with a custom icon in MUI Slider, follow these steps:

1. Import Your Custom Icon

Maybe an SVG file, an image file, or any other custom icon.

import MyCustomIcon from './my-custom-icon.svg'; // Replace with the path to your custom icon

2. Define Custom Styles

Use the makeStyles function provided by Material-UI to create custom marks & styles for your MUI Slider.

import { makeStyles } from '@mui/styles';

const useStyles = makeStyles((theme) => ({
  customThumb: {
    background: `url(${MyCustomIcon})`, // Set your custom icon as the background
    width: '24px', // Set the width of the icon
    height: '24px', // Set the height of the icon
    transform: 'translate(-50%, -50%)', // Center the icon over the thumb
    cursor: 'pointer', // Change the cursor to indicate interactivity
  },
}));

3. Apply the Custom Styles

Apply the custom styles to the Slider component by including the classes prop with your custom class in the Slider component:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function MyApp() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <Slider
      value={50}
      onChange={handleChange}
      classes={{
        thumb: classes.customThumb, // Apply the custom styles to the thumb
      }}
    />
  );
}

Types of Material ui slider

Material-UI offers a variety of Slider components that cater to different use cases and user interface requirements.

Basic Slider

The Basic Slider is the simplest type of the MUI Slider. It allows users to select a single value within a specified range. The thumb can be dragged along the track to choose a specific value.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function BasicSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={value} onChange={handleChange} />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Range Slider

A Range Slider (dual-slider) allows users to select a range of values rather than a single value. It is useful in setting a price or subjective range or filtering data within a specific range.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function RangeSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState([20, 80]);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        valueLabelDisplay="auto"
        valueLabelFormat={(value) => `${value}%`}
        valueLabelDisplay="on"
      />
      <p>Selected Range: {value[0]}% - {value[1]}%</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Discrete Slider

A Discrete Slider selects values from a predefined set or provides distinct, non-continuous choices. It displays distinct points or steps along the track, and users can select one of these predefined values.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function DiscreteSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(30);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        step={10} // Specify the step value
        marks // Display step marks
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Customized Slider

Customized Sliders in Material-UI allow you to create sliders with unique visual styles and functionalities.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function CustomizedSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        track="inverted" // Customize the track style
        thumb={<span className="custom-thumb"></span>} // Customize the thumb icon
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Vertical Slider

A Vertical Slider is a Material-UI Slider oriented vertically instead of horizontally. It is useful when to save horizontal screen space or need a natural vertical interaction, such as adjusting volume.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function VerticalSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        orientation="vertical" // Set the slider orientation to vertical
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Step Slider

A Step Slider allows users to select values from specific steps. It’s useful in making selections within discrete intervals or for numeric inputs with well-defined steps.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function StepSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(30);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        step={10} // Define the step value
        marks // Display step marks
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Value Label Slider

A Value Label Slider allows you to display labels or tooltips next to the MUI slider’s thumb, providing real-time feedback on the selected value. The feature is useful when communicating the value, such as in volume controls or settings adjustments.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function ValueLabelSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        valueLabelDisplay="auto" // Display value label
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Continuous Slider

A Continuous Slider is the standard Material-UI Slider type, allowing users to select a single value within a specified range. Unlike the Discrete Slider, it does not have predefined steps or discrete values, making it suitable for continuous data selection.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function ContinuousSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={value} onChange={handleChange} />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Custom Thumb Slider

A Custom Thumb Slider allows you to replace the default thumb icon with a custom icon or element. It provides the flexibility to create a unique and visually appealing slider interface.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function CustomThumbSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        thumb={<span className="custom-thumb"></span>} // Use a custom thumb element
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Disabled Slider

A Disabled Slider is a component that cannot be interacted/modified by the user. It helps to display information to users without allowing them to change the value. Useful for displaying read-only data, status indicators, or progress bars.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function DisabledSlider() {
  const value = 75; // Set a predefined value

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={value} disabled /> {/* Disable the slider */}
      <p>Read-only Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Track Inverted Slider

A Track Inverted Slider is inverted, where the value increases from right to left instead of left to right. It is often used to present data in a reversed progression, such as a countdown timer or reverse progress indicator.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function TrackInvertedSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        track="inverted" // Invert the track
      />
      <p>Selected Value (Inverted): {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Ticks Slider

A Ticks Slider displays tick marks along the track, making it easier for users to select predefined values or increments. It is used to make selections at specific points along the MUI Slider.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function TicksSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        step={10} // Define the step value
        marks // Display step marks
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
} 

Continuous Range Slider

A Continuous Range Slider is an extended version of the Basic Slider. It allows users to select a range of values within a specified range. Useful in choosing a range of values or specifying intervals. The Continuous Range Slider provides two thumbs, one for the lower limit and one for the upper limit of the selected range.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function ContinuousRangeSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState([20, 80]);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        valueLabelDisplay="auto" // Display value labels
      />
      <p>Selected Range: {value[0]}% - {value[1]}%</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Vertical Range Slider

A Vertical Range Slider combines the Vertical Slider and the Continuous Range Slider. It allows users to select a range of values, and the MUI Slider is oriented vertically. It is useful in scenarios where vertical space is at a premium, such as adjusting an audio volume or setting a vertical measurement scale.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function VerticalRangeSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState([20, 80]);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        orientation="vertical" // Set the slider orientation to vertical
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        valueLabelDisplay="auto" // Display value labels
      />
      <p>Selected Range: {value[0]}% - {value[1]}%</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Value Label Outside Slider

The Value Label Outside Slider displays the value label outside the MUI slider, making it easier for users to see the selected value. It is beneficial in providing a clear and unobstructed view of the value without covering the slider track.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function ValueLabelOutsideSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        valueLabelDisplay="on" // Display the value label outside the slider
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Read-only Slider

A Read-only Slider displays values but prevents user interaction. It is useful in displaying information to users without enabling them to change the value. Read-only Sliders are typically used to present data or settings that shouldn’t be modified.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function ReadOnlySlider() {
  const value = 75; // Predefined value

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={value} readOnly />
      <p>Read-only Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Step Marked Slider

A Step Marked Slider displays marked predefined steps or values along the track, making it easier for users to select from specific points. It provides a reference for users to select or input values.

Implementation Example:

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function StepMarkedSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(30);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleChange}
        step={10} // Specify the step value
        marks // Display step marks
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Collapsible Slider

A Collapsible Slider is not a predefined Material-UI component but can be created by combining Material-UI components. It allows you to create a slider that can be expanded or collapsed, revealing or hiding additional content or controls. It is useful for scenarios where you want to save space by displaying slider-related options only when necessary.

Implementation Example:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';
import Collapse from '@mui/material/Collapse';

function CollapsibleSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);
  const [expanded, setExpanded] = useState(false);

  const handleChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  const toggleExpanded = () => {
    setExpanded(!expanded);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={value} onChange={handleChange} />
      <button onClick={toggleExpanded}>Toggle Options</button>
      <Collapse in={expanded}>
        <div>
          {/* Additional options or content related to the slider */}
          <p>Additional Options:</p>
          <button>Option 1</button>
          <button>Option 2</button>
        </div>
      </Collapse>
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Accessibility

Accessibility is a crucial aspect of web development, and it’s essential to ensure that Material-UI Sliders are accessible to all users, including those with disabilities. Here are some key considerations and techniques for enhancing accessibility:

Use Semantic HTML

Semantic HTML elements create accessible sliders. Use appropriate HTML elements like <input type=”range”> to represent sliders. These elements provide built-in accessibility features and keyboard support.

<input type="range" min="0" max="100" step="1" value={sliderValue} onChange={handleSliderChange} />

Labels and Instructions

Provide clear and descriptive labels and instructions for your sliders. Use aria-label and aria-labelledby attributes to describe the MUI slider. For complex sliders, consider using ARIA landmarks or regions to provide additional context.

<Slider
  value={sliderValue}
  onChange={handleSliderChange}
  aria-labelledby="slider-label"
/>
<p id="slider-label">Volume Control</p>

Keyboard Navigation

Ensure that users can interact with sliders using the keyboard. Implement keyboard event listeners to handle interactions with the MUI slider. Examples:

  • Arrow keys (left and right for horizontal sliders, up and down for vertical sliders) to move the slider thumb.

  • Home and End keys to jump to the minimum and maximum values.

  • Page Up and Page Down keys for more steps.

function handleKeyDown(event) {
  switch (event.key) {
    case 'ArrowLeft':
    case 'ArrowDown':
      // Move slider to the left or down
      break;
    case 'ArrowRight':
    case 'ArrowUp':
      // Move slider to the right or up
      break;
    case 'Home':
      // Jump to the minimum value
      break;
    case 'End':
      // Jump to the maximum value
      break;
    case 'PageUp':
      // Move slider by a larger step
      break;
    case 'PageDown':
      // Move slider by a larger step
      break;
    default:
      // Handle other keys or allow the default behavior
  }
}

ARIA Roles and States

Use ARIA roles and states to enhance the accessibility of sliders. Set the role attribute to “slider,” and specify the MUI slider’s minimum, maximum, and current values with the aria-valuemin, aria-valuemax, and aria-valuenow attributes.

<Slider
  role="slider"
  aria-valuemin={0}
  aria-valuemax={100}
  aria-valuenow={sliderValue}
  value={sliderValue}
  onChange={handleSliderChange}
/>

Error Handling

Use ARIA attributes like aria-invalid to signal errors and aria-describedby to reference the associated error message. Provide error messages to screen readers.

<Slider
  aria-invalid={isError}
  aria-describedby="slider-error"
  value={sliderValue}
  onChange={handleSliderChange}
/>
{isError && <p id="slider-error">Invalid value. Please select a value within the specified range.</p>}

Use Cases

Material-UI Slider components are versatile. Here are some common scenarios and use cases:

  • Volume Control

  • Brightness and Contrast Adjustment

  • Temperature and Color Adjustment

  • Setting Preferences

  • Financial and Numeric Input

  • Filtering and Sorting

  • Game Controls

  • Survey and Feedback Forms

  • Time and Date Selection

  • Interactive Tutorials

  • Dashboards and Analytics

Code Samples of some use cases;

Volume Control

Use Case: In media applications, users can control the volume of audio or video playback.

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function VolumeControl() {
  const [volume, setVolume] = React.useState(50);

  const handleVolumeChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setVolume(newValue);
    // Implement volume control logic here
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={volume} onChange={handleVolumeChange} />
      <p>Volume: {volume}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Brightness and Contrast Adjustment

Use Case: In image editing applications or systems with displays, users can adjust brightness and contrast.

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function BrightnessContrastAdjustment() {
  const [brightness, setBrightness] = React.useState(50);
  const [contrast, setContrast] = React.useState(50);

  const handleBrightnessChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setBrightness(newValue);
    // Implement brightness adjustment logic here
  };

  const handleContrastChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setContrast(newValue);
    // Implement contrast adjustment logic here
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={brightness} onChange={handleBrightnessChange} />
      <Slider value={contrast} onChange={handleContrastChange} />
      <p>Brightness: {brightness}</p>
      <p>Contrast: {contrast}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Temperature and Color Adjustment

Use Case: For lighting and climate control applications, users can adjust temperature and color temperature settings.

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function TemperatureColorAdjustment() {
  const [temperature, setTemperature] = React.useState(2700);

  const handleTemperatureChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setTemperature(newValue);
    // Implement temperature adjustment logic here
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider value={temperature} onChange={handleTemperatureChange} />
      <p>Temperature: {temperature} K</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Setting Preferences

Use Case: Sliders can help users set preferences and parameters in various applications, such as setting temperature preferences for notifications in a weather app.

import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';

function WeatherNotificationPreferences() {
  const [temperatureRange, setTemperatureRange] = React.useState([20, 30]);

  const handleTemperatureRangeChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setTemperatureRange(newValue);
    // Implement temperature range preference logic here
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={temperatureRange}
        onChange={handleTemperatureRangeChange}
        valueLabelDisplay="auto"
        valueLabelFormat={(value) => `${value}°C`}
      />
      <p>Temperature Range: {temperatureRange[0]}°C - {temperatureRange[1]}°C</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Using Third-party Libraries with Sliders

Material-UI is a highly customizable and extensible UI library for React applications. You have the flexibility to integrate various third-party libraries to enhance functionality, appearance, and user experience. Here are third-party libraries to integrate with Material-UI Sliders.

React-Slider (react-slider)

React-Slider is a popular third-party library. It provides a highly customizable and feature-rich slider component. You can integrate React-Slider with Material-UI to enhance the capabilities of your sliders.

Installation:

npm install react-slider

Usage Example:

import React from 'react';
import Slider from 'react-slider';

function CustomSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleSliderChange = (newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Slider
        value={value}
        onChange={handleSliderChange}
      />
      <p>Selected Value: {value}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

Swiper (swiper)

Swiper is a powerful and flexible slider and carousel library. While it is designed primarily for building image sliders and carousels, you can creatively integrate Swiper with Material-UI Sliders for more dynamic user interfaces.

Installation:

npm install swiper

Usage Example:

import React from 'react';
import { Swiper, SwiperSlide } from 'swiper/react';
import 'swiper/swiper-bundle.css';

function CarouselSlider() {
  return (
    <Swiper>
      <SwiperSlide>Slide 1</SwiperSlide>
      <SwiperSlide>Slide 2</SwiperSlide>
      <SwiperSlide>Slide 3</SwiperSlide>
    </Swiper>
  );
}

The Swiper library with Material-UI to create a responsive carousel slider.

Material-UI Labs Slider (experimental)

Material-UI offers an experimental Labs Slider component with additional features not present in the standard MUI Slider. The Material-UI Labs Slider includes a continuous output display, tooltips, and more.

Installation:

Ensure you have the Material-UI Labs package installed.

npm install @mui/lab

Usage Example:

import React from 'react';
import Slider from '@mui/material/Slider';
import SliderUnstyled from '@mui/core/SliderUnstyled';
import Tooltip from '@mui/material/Tooltip';

function CustomSlider() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(50);

  const handleSliderChange = (event, newValue) => {
    setValue(newValue);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <SliderUnstyled
        value={value}
        onChange={handleSliderChange}
        component={Tooltip}
        valueLabelDisplay="auto"
        valueLabelFormat={(value) => `${value}%`}
      />
    </div>
  );
}

The Material-UI Labs Slider with tooltips and value labels to enhance the MUI Slider’s visual feedback.

When integrating third-party libraries with Material-UI Sliders, follow the documentation and guidelines provided by the respective libraries.

Performance Optimization

When working with Material-UI Sliders or any UI component library, consider performance optimization to ensure your application remains responsive and efficient. Here are some best practices and tips:

Virtualization

Applications with many sliders or where sliders represent data – implement virtualization techniques. Virtualization loads only the visible sliders, reducing the initial rendering time and memory consumption.

You can use libraries like react-virtualized or react-window to implement virtualized sliders.

Debouncing or Throttling

If your sliders trigger frequent updates, use debounce or throttle mechanisms to reduce the number of updates. It is helpful when the sliders update content dynamically or activate network requests.

You can use libraries like lodash to debounce/throttle function calls.

import _ from 'lodash';

const debouncedSliderChange = _.debounce((value) => {
  // Handle slider change after debouncing
}, 300);

function handleSliderChange(event, newValue) {
  debouncedSliderChange(newValue);
}

Optimize Rendering

Avoid unnecessary re-renders by optimizing the rendering of your components. Use React’s memoization techniques and pure components to prevent re-rendering when props and state don’t change. Try adjusting settings that cause frequent renders.

import React, { useMemo } from 'react';

function SliderComponent({ value, onChange }) {
  // Memoize the component to prevent unnecessary re-renders
  return useMemo(() => (
    <Slider value={value} onChange={onChange} />
  ), [value, onChange]);
}

Minimize Component Tree

Reduce the complexity of your component tree. Use the PureComponent or React.memo for your slider components to prevent unnecessary re-renders of child components.

import React, { PureComponent } from 'react';

class SliderComponent extends PureComponent {
  render() {
    return <Slider value={this.props.value} onChange={this.props.onChange} />;
  }
}

When not to use PureComponent.

By implementing these performance optimization techniques, you can ensure that Material-UI Sliders perform efficiently, even in complex and data-intensive applications. Always profile your application to identify specific performance bottlenecks and address them accordingly.

Tips and Best Practices

Material-UI Sliders are powerful components for creating interactive and customizable user interfaces. To make the most of these components, consider the following tips and best practices:

Define Clear Labels

  • Provide clear and concise labels for your sliders. Users should understand the purpose of each MUI slider and the range of values they represent.

  • Use tooltips or value labels to display the current value as users interact with the MUI slider, providing instant feedback.

Handle Edge Cases

  • Consider edge cases, such as minimum and maximum values, and how the MUI slider behaves when users reach these limits.

  • Ensure that sliders handle cases with restricted ranges or only one allowed value.

Consistent User Experience

  • Keep a consistent user experience, ensuring that sliders across your application have the same appearance and behavior. Consistency improves usability and reduces user confusion.

Test Cross-Browser Compatibility

  • Test your sliders in various browsers to ensure they work correctly and appear consistently across different platforms. Use browser developer tools and testing frameworks to identify and address any cross-browser issues.

Documentation

  • Document your code and provide comments to explain the purpose and functionality of your sliders. It aids collaboration with other developers and makes it easier to maintain your codebase.

Recap of Material UI Slider

The Material-UI Slider component is valuable for building user-friendly and visually appealing interfaces in your React applications. Its versatility, customization options, and adherence to Material Design principles make it a good choice for many use cases.

With the steps and customization options outlined in this guide, you can integrate Material-UI Sliders seamlessly into your projects and enhance the user experience.

Purecode.ai provides ready-to-use components for your development team.

React MUI Slider – Video Tutorial

As you become more familiar with Material-UI, you’ll discover ways to fine-tune the Slider component to suit your application needs. Whether you’re building a simple volume control or a complex data range selector, Material-UI Sliders provide the flexibility and functionality required for your project’s success.

Phil Butler

Phil Butler