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How to Enhance User Experience with MUI Footer Easily

Introduction

Crafting visually stunning and highly functional user interfaces requires keen attention to every component, and one often underestimated yet crucial element is the footer. Enter MUI footer, a game-changer in the Material-UI ecosystem, promising simplicity, flexibility, and seamless integration into your web applications. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the details of MUI bottom navigation, from the fundamentals to practical implementations that will elevate your web design game.

Understanding MUI Footers

Material-UI, or MUI, is a React UI framework that follows Google’s Material Design principles. Renowned for its elegant and cohesive design language, Material-UI provides a suite of components to streamline the development of aesthetically pleasing and responsive user interfaces.

Among these components, the MUI footer shines as a versatile and essential element for creating polished, user-friendly applications.

Why MUI Footers?

1. Simplicity in Design:

  • MUI footers are designed with simplicity at their core.

  • To truly appreciate their elegance, let’s delve into a practical example.

  • Consider a scenario where you’re developing a blog platform.

  • The MUI footer, with its clean and minimalistic design, seamlessly integrates with the overall aesthetic of Material-UI, providing a professional finish to your application.

import * as React from "react";
import Box from "@mui/material/Box";
import BottomNavigation from "@mui/material/BottomNavigation";
import BottomNavigationAction from "@mui/material/BottomNavigationAction";
import HomeIcon from "@mui/icons-material/Home";
import FavoriteIcon from "@mui/icons-material/Favorite";
import LocationOnIcon from "@mui/icons-material/LocationOn";

export default function SimpleBottomNavigation() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(0);

  return (
    <Box sx={{ width: "100%", position: "fixed", bottom: 0 }}>
      <BottomNavigation
        showLabels
        value={value}
        onChange={(event, newValue) => {
          setValue(newValue);
        }}
      >
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Home" icon={<HomeIcon />} />
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Favorites" icon={<FavoriteIcon />} />
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Location" icon={<LocationOnIcon />} />
      </BottomNavigation>
    </Box>
  );
}

This example illustrates how easy it is to implement a clean and responsive footer using MUI, making it an ideal choice for various project types.

2. Responsive and Mobile-Friendly:

  • In an era dominated by mobile browsing, responsiveness is non-negotiable.

  • MUI footers effortlessly adapt to various screen sizes, ensuring a consistent user experience.

  • Let’s enhance our previous example with a responsive touch.

// imports same as above example

export default function SimpleBottomNavigation() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(0);
  const theme = useTheme();
  const isMobile = useMediaQuery(theme.breakpoints.down("sm"));

  return (
    <Box sx={{ width: "100%", position: "fixed", bottom: 50 }}>
      <BottomNavigation
        showLabels
        value={value}
        onChange={(event, newValue) => {
          setValue(newValue);
        }}
      >
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Home" icon={<HomeIcon />} />
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Favorites" icon={<FavoriteIcon />} />
        {isMobile && (
          <BottomNavigationAction label="Location" icon={<LocationOnIcon />} />
        )}
      </BottomNavigation>
    </Box>
  );
}

  • In the above example now the location icon will appear only for small screen sizes

  • By leveraging Material-UI’s responsive utilities, our footer now dynamically adjusts its content based on the user’s device, providing a seamless experience on both desktop and mobile.

Refer to the official documentation at mui.com to know more about creating responsive mui footers.

3. Easy Customization:

  • Customization is key, and MUI footers offer a high degree of flexibility.

  • Let’s extend our example to showcase how easy it is to customize the appearance and behavior of the footer.

// ... (Previous code remains unchanged)

export default function SimpleBottomNavigation() {
  const [value, setValue] = React.useState(0);
  const theme = useTheme();
  const isMobile = useMediaQuery(theme.breakpoints.down("sm"));

  return (
    <Box sx={{ width: "100%", position: "fixed", bottom: 50 }}>
      <BottomNavigation
        showLabels
        value={value}
        onChange={(event, newValue) => {
          setValue(newValue);
        }}
        style={{ background: "#212121", color: "#ffffff" }}
      >
        <BottomNavigationAction
          label="Home"
          icon={<HomeIcon />}
          style={{ color: "lightblue" }}
        />
        <BottomNavigationAction
          label="Favorites"
          icon={<FavoriteIcon />}
          style={{ color: "yellow" }}
        />
        {isMobile && (
          <BottomNavigationAction
            label="Location"
            icon={<LocationOnIcon />}
            style={{ color: "lightgreen" }}
          />
        )}
      </BottomNavigation>
    </Box>
  );
}
  • Here, we’ve applied custom styling to our footer, changing the background color and icon color to match a specific color scheme for our bottom navigation icon.

  • The simplicity of these customizations showcases the adaptability of MUI footers to any project’s branding requirements.

As MUI footers offer a variety of features, why wait?

Dive into the possibilities and incorporate these dynamic features into your web applications to make them stand out.

To expedite your development journey, leverage the automated tools provided by PureCode, which effortlessly transform your design images into ready-to-use front-end code.

How to Implement MUI Bottom Navigation:

Implementing MUI Bottom Navigation into your project is a straightforward process, thanks to the well-documented Material-UI library.

Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just starting, the following step-by-step guide will help you seamlessly integrate MUI footers into your application.

  1. Install Material-UI: Begin by installing Material-UI into your project using the following command:

    npm install @material-ui/core
    

  2. Import MUI Footer Component: Import the necessary components for the footer into your React component. For instance:

    import React from 'react';
    import { makeStyles } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
    import { BottomNavigation, BottomNavigationAction } from '@material-ui/core';
    import HomeIcon from '@material-ui/icons/Home';
    import FavoriteIcon from '@material-ui/icons/Favorite';
    import LocationOnIcon from '@material-ui/icons/LocationOn';
    

  3. Define Styles and Component: Create a useStyles function to define the styles for your footer and implement the footer component:

    const useStyles = makeStyles({
      root: {
        width: '100%',
        position: 'fixed',
        bottom: 0,
      },
    });
    
    const Footer = () => {
      const classes = useStyles();
    
      return (
        <BottomNavigation className={classes.root}>
          <BottomNavigationAction label="Home" icon={<HomeIcon />} />
          <BottomNavigationAction label="Favorites" icon={<FavoriteIcon />} />
          <BottomNavigationAction label="Location" icon={<LocationOnIcon />} />
        </BottomNavigation>
      );
    };
    
    export default Footer;
    
    

    Customize the styles and components based on your project’s requirements.

  4. Integrate into Your App: Finally, integrate the MUI footer component into your application wherever you want the footer to appear. For example:

    import React from 'react';
    import Footer from './Footer';
    
    const App = () => {
      return (
        <div>
          {/* Your App Content */}
          <Footer />
        </div>
      );
    };
    
    export default App;
    
    

By following these steps, you can seamlessly incorporate MUI Bottom Navigation into your React application, enhancing its visual appeal and user experience.

You can also follow along with this video tutorial to help you get started with mui footers

Understanding Props of BottomNavigation Component

To fully utilize the capabilities of the Bottom Navigation component, it is important to understand its props:

  1. children: The children’s prop is used to provide the content to the BottomNavigation component. In our previous example, we passed each of the BottomNavigationAction components as children.

  2. classes: The classes prop allows you to override the styles of the BottomNavigation component by providing CSS classes.

  3. component: The component prop is used to set the root node for the BottomNavigation component. It can be a string HTML element or a React component.

  4. onChange: The onChange prop is used to handle the event when a user clicks on any of the bottom navigation options. It receives two parameters: event and newValue. You can utilize this prop to update the state or perform any other necessary actions.

  5. showLabels: The showLabels prop allows you to toggle whether or not the text labels should be displayed for the navigation options. By setting this prop to true, the labels will be shown alongside the icons.

  6. value: The value prop is used to hold the currently selected Bottom Navigation option. By updating this prop based on user interaction, you can highlight the selected option and maintain the respective state.

By leveraging these props, you can customize the behavior and appearance of the MUI Footer according to your specific requirements.

Here is an article by geeksforgeeks.com where they have used these props to create a bottom navigation component

Customizing MUI Footer

While the basic implementation of an MUI Footer using the Bottom Navigation component is already visually appealing, Material UI provides several customization options to further enhance its design and functionality.

In this section, we will explore how to create a reusable CustomBottomNavigation component and customize navigation options and styling.

A. Creating a Reusable CustomBottomNavigation Component

To enable easy customization and reusability, let’s create a separate CustomBottomNavigation component that wraps around the BottomNavigation component:

import React, { useState } from "react";
import BottomNavigation from "@mui/material/BottomNavigation";
import BottomNavigationAction from "@mui/material/BottomNavigationAction";
import TwitterIcon from "@mui/icons-material/Twitter";
import InstagramIcon from "@mui/icons-material/Instagram";
import FacebookIcon from "@mui/icons-material/Facebook";

const App = () => {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(0);

  const CustomBottomNavigation = (props) => {
    return (
      <BottomNavigation
        showLabels
        value={value}
        onChange={(event, newValue) => {
          setValue(newValue);
        }}
      >
        {props.children}
      </BottomNavigation>
    );
  };

  return (
    <div style={{ textAlign: "center", marginTop: "50px" }}>
      <h1>Material UI Footers With PureCode</h1>
      <h3>Bottom Navigation Component</h3>
      <CustomBottomNavigation>
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Twitter" icon={<TwitterIcon />} />
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Instagram" icon={<InstagramIcon />} />
        <BottomNavigationAction label="Facebook" icon={<FacebookIcon />} />
      </CustomBottomNavigation>
    </div>
  );
};

export default App;

  • In this example, we define a separate CustomBottomNavigation component within the App component.

  • This custom component takes in props and renders the BottomNavigation component with the provided children.

  • By encapsulating the BottomNavigation component within a custom component, we can reuse it across different parts of our application and easily customize the navigation options.

B. Customizing Navigation Options

  • The BottomNavigationAction components represent navigation options in the MUI Footer. By modifying these components, you can customize the appearance and behavior of each option.

  • To modify the appearance, you can utilize different icons from Material UI or even use your own custom icons.

  • For example, instead of using the default TwitterIcon, InstagramIcon, FacebookIcon, and TimelineIcon, you can import and use other icons according to your application’s branding and design.

  • Moreover, you can change the labels associated with each navigation option by modifying the label prop.

  • This allows you to provide more descriptive or concise labels for your specific use case.

C. Styling MUI Footer

Material UI provides multiple ways to style components, including the MUI Footer. Let’s discuss two common methods:

  1. Using ThemeProvider:

    The ThemeProvider component allows you to apply custom styling to your MUI components using themes. To utilize this feature, follow these steps:

    1. Import the ThemeProvider and createTheme functions from @mui/material/styles.

    2. Define your custom theme object with the desired styles.

    3. Wrap your MUI Footer code, in this case, the CustomBottomNavigation component, with the ThemeProvider component and pass the created theme as a prop.

    Here’s an example of using ThemeProvider to style the MUI Footer:

    import { ThemeProvider } from "@mui/material/styles";
    import { createTheme } from "@mui/material/styles";
    
    const theme = createTheme({
        // Add your custom theme options here
    });
    
    // Inside render method or functional component
    <ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
        {/* MUI Footer code */}
    </ThemeProvider>
    
    

    By defining your custom theme, you can easily change aspects such as colors, typography, and spacing to match your application’s design.

  2. Inline Styling: If you prefer a more granular approach, you can apply inline styles to specific elements within the MUI Footer. For example:

    <BottomNavigationAction style={{ color: "red" }} label="Instagram" icon={<InstagramIcon />} />
    
    

    In this code snippet, we use the style prop to apply the color red to the BottomNavigationAction component representing Instagram.

D. Responsive MUI Bottom Navigation

  • When crafting a Material-UI (MUI) footer, it’s crucial to consider responsiveness to ensure a seamless user experience across various devices.

  • Material-UI provides breakpoints that define when a design should adapt to a different screen size.

  • Below is a table outlining common responsive breakpoints for MUI footers.

Breakpoint

Description

xs (Extra Small)

Targets small screens such as mobile devices.

sm (Small)

Adjusts styles for screens larger than mobile but still considered small.

md (Medium)

Tailors the design for medium-sized screens like tablets.

lg (Large)

Adapts to larger screens, such as desktops or laptops.

xl (Extra Large)

Customizes the layout for extra-large screens, like large desktops.

This table provides an overview of commonly used responsive breakpoints, allowing developers to create MUI footers that gracefully adapt to the diverse landscape of devices.

Incorporating responsive design principles ensures that your MUI footers remain visually appealing and functional across a wide range of screen sizes.

By adapting the styling to your specific needs and branding, you can create a unique and visually appealing MUI Footer that aligns with your application’s design language.

Here is a video tutorial showing how to create responsive mui footers

Let’s Implement A Sticky MUI Footer component

  • Implementing a sticky Material-UI (MUI) footer in web applications is crucial for maintaining a consistent and user-friendly experience.

  • A sticky footer ensures persistent access to essential navigation links and actions, contributing to seamless user interaction.

  • By staying fixed at the bottom, optimizes screen space utilization, enhances brand continuity, and reduces scrolling fatigue, particularly on pages with extensive content.

  • It also facilitates smooth multi-page navigation, allowing users to transition between pages without losing access to important elements.

  • Overall, the implementation of a sticky MUI footer is a strategic decision that significantly contributes to a positive user experience and encourages user engagement with your web application.

    Let’s see a sticky footer in action

import React from "react";
import { useTheme, Paper, Typography, Container } from "@mui/material";

const StickyFooter = () => {
  const theme = useTheme();
  return (
    <div
      style={{
        display: "flex",
        flexDirection: "column",
        margin: 0,
        padding: 0,
        height: "1000px",
      }}
    >
      <Container
        component="main"
        // style={{ flex: "1 0 auto", padding: theme.spacing(3) }}
      >
        {/* Your main content goes here */}
        <Typography variant="h4" gutterBottom style={{ color: "brown" }}>
          Main Content
        </Typography>
        <Typography paragraph>
          This is an example of a sticky footer using Material-UI.
        </Typography>
        <Typography paragraph style={{ color: "blue" }}>
          Lets explore more about mui bottom navigation along with exploring
          purecode
        </Typography>
      </Container>

      <Paper
        square
        style={{
          padding: theme.spacing(7),
          // marginTop: "auto",
          // backgroundColor: "lightyellow",
          backgroundColor: "lightyellow",
          borderTop: "2px solid red",
          position: "fixed",
          width: "100%",
          bottom: 0,
          color: "white",
          fontSize: "25px",
          textAlign: "center",
        }}
      >
        {/* Your footer content goes here */}
        <Typography variant="body2" color="red" align="center">
          Sticky Footer
        </Typography>
      </Paper>
    </div>
  );
};

export default StickyFooter;

In the above example the main even if the user scrolls up the main content of the page the footer stays at its position making it easy for the user to access and navigate using the footer

Practical Implementations of MUI Footer

Now that we have a solid understanding of how to create and customize an MUI Footer using the Bottom Navigation component, let’s explore some practical implementations in different scenarios.

Using MUI Footer in an E-commerce Platform

In an e-commerce platform, the MUI Footer plays a crucial role in guiding users to various sections, enhancing their shopping experience.

Consider the following tips when implementing an MUI Footer in an e-commerce platform:

  1. Product Categories: Feature popular product categories in the MUI Footer to allow users to quickly access their desired items. Use relevant icons and concise labels to represent each category.

  2. Cart and Checkout: Include a cart icon in the MUI Footer that displays a summary of items added to the cart. Additionally, provide a direct link to the checkout page for easy navigation.

  3. Customer Support: Incorporate links to customer support pages, including FAQs, contact information, and live chat options. This allows users to easily seek assistance whenever needed.

  4. Special Offers: Promote special offers or discounts by including a dedicated option in the MUI Footer. This can attract users’ attention and drive conversions.

  5. Social Media Integration: Integrate links to your social media profiles in the MUI Footer, enabling users to follow your brand and stay updated with the latest products and promotions.

By utilizing these customization options, you can create a user-friendly e-commerce platform with an intuitive MUI Footer that enhances the overall shopping experience.

Best Practices For Using MUI Footers

When implementing MUI (Material-UI) footers in your web applications, it’s important to follow best practices to ensure a seamless and user-friendly experience.

Here are some best practices for using MUI footers:

  1. Simplicity: Keep your MUI footer design clean and minimalistic, avoiding unnecessary clutter.

  2. Responsiveness: Ensure your footer adapts seamlessly to various screen sizes using Material-UI’s responsive design features.

  3. Clarity in Icons and Labels: Choose clear icons and concise labels that directly convey their intended actions.

  4. Logical Order: Arrange footer elements logically to align with users’ typical flow through the application.

  5. Consistent Styling: Maintain a consistent styling theme throughout your application, aligning with your brand identity.

  6. Accessibility: Design with accessibility in mind, ensuring text contrast, meaningful alt text for icons, and keyboard accessibility.

Conclusion: Elevate Your Web Design With MUI Footers

In this exploration of the MUI Footer, a crucial element in Material UI web applications, we’ve covered setting up a React.js application with MUI, crafting a basic MUI Footer using the Bottom Navigation component, and customizing its navigation options and styling. Practical implementations in scenarios like e-commerce platforms showcase the MUI Footer’s versatility.

Leveraging the MUI Footer empowers web developers to seamlessly guide users through applications, enhancing the overall user experience.

To further enhance your web development journey, we invite you to experiment with Material UI’s customization options. For an even smoother design-to-code workflow, consider trying MUI Footers with PureCode.ai—a powerful tool that transforms design images into ready-to-use front-end code. Explore the endless possibilities of MUI Footer customization and create delightful, user-friendly interfaces.

Happy coding!

Yash Poojari

Yash Poojari