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MUI Progress Bar: Easy Way to Make Seamless User Experience

Modern Web Applications are designed and developed to be fast and provide seamless user experience. However there are few actions that require certain time to complete like loading a large file, downloading a content (video or large image), processing and calculating data based on user inputs or calling an external api to fetch the data. Then, users would not know the progress of a particular task or expected completion time.

To tackle this problem, Modern Web Applications makes use of Progress bar that act as an indicator for conveying progress and status of ongoing processes to the user that gives them an estimate of how much time the operation will take to complete the processes such as loading data from external API or Database, downloading a resource etc.

Material UI, a leading framework in the realm of React development, significantly contributes to the creation of sophisticated and functional progress components. The Material UI Progress Bar, a standout feature of the framework, seamlessly integrates into React applications, embodying the principles of Material Design. This integration ensures not only a visually appealing interface but also a user-centric approach to conveying progress information. As we delve into the exploration of Material UI’s role in progress components, we’ll unravel the synergies between web design principles, user experience, and the versatile capabilities of Material UI in React applications.

If you are new to Material UI, you could go through this free Material UI CrashCourse to get understanding regarding Material UI Framework

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';
import Box from '@mui/material/Box';

const DynamicProgressBar = () => {
const [progress, setProgress] = useState(0);

useEffect(() => {
const timer = setInterval(() => {
setProgress((prevProgress) => (prevProgress >= 100 ? 0 : prevProgress + 10));
}, 800);

return () => {
clearInterval(timer);
};
}, []);

return (
<Box sx={{ width: '100%' }}>
<LinearProgress variant="determinate" value={progress} />
</Box>
);
};

export default DynamicProgressBar;

Understanding Types of Material UI Progress

Material UI provides various types of progress components to suit different scenarios. Here are some of the key types along with their short descriptions:

  1. Linear Progress:

    • Description: Linear progress bars display a horizontal bar that fills up gradually, indicating the progression of a task.

    • Features: Supports determinate and indeterminate modes, allowing you to set a specific progress value or display an animated loading bar.

  2. Circular Progress:

    • Description: Circular progress bars present a circular indicator that spins to signify ongoing activity or loading.

    • Features: Ideal for situations where a circular loading animation is more visually appealing, offers determinate and indeterminate modes.

  3. Buffer Progress:

    • Description: Buffer progress combines linear and circular elements, displaying a secondary spinning indicator to signify buffering or intermediate progress.

    • Features: Useful in scenarios where additional processing is required before the main task completes.

  4. Determinate and Indeterminate Progress:

    • Description: Determinate progress bars show the exact completion percentage of a task, while indeterminate bars provide an animated loading effect without a specific endpoint.

    • Features: Flexibility to choose between showing progress percentage or a continuous loading animation.

  5. Overlay and Positioned Progress:

    • Description: Overlay progress covers the entire screen or a specific container, blocking user interaction until the task is complete. Positioned progress can be placed at a specific location.

    • Features: Ensures a focused user experience by preventing interactions during critical processes.

Getting Started with MUI Progress Bar

Step-by-Step Installation Guide and Basic Implementation of Material UI Progress Components in React

Step 1: Install Material UI

To harness the power of Material UI Progress components in your React project, the first step is to install the Material UI library. Open your terminal and navigate to your project folder. Use the following command to install Material UI:

npm install @mui/material @emotion/react @emotion/styled

This command installs the necessary Material UI packages along with Emotion, the styling library used by Material UI.

Step 2: Import Material UI Progress Components

Once the installation is complete, you can start incorporating Material UI Progress components into your React application. Import the necessary components at the beginning of your React component file:

import React from 'react'; import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

Step 3: Add Material UI Progress to Your Component

Now that the components are imported, you can use them in your React component. For a basic linear progress bar, you can include the following code within your component’s render function:

function App() { return ( <div> <LinearProgress /> </div> ); }

This simple implementation adds a linear progress bar to your component. The progress bar will display as a thin line that fills up gradually, indicating ongoing activity or loading.

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Customizing Material UI Progress Bar: A Deep Dive

Material UI provides a versatile set of tools for customizing progress bars, allowing developers to create visually appealing and dynamic user interfaces. In this section, we’ll explore different aspects of customizing Material UI Progress components, focusing on linear progress, variant buffer, variant determinate, and loading progress indicators.

Linear Progress

Linear progress bars are straightforward indicators of ongoing processes. They provide a visual representation of the progress completion from start to finish in a linear manner. An example scenario for a linear progress bar could be during the upload of a file, where the user needs to be informed about the progress of the upload.

import React from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function LinearProgressBar() {
  return (
    <div>
      <LinearProgress />
    </div>
  );
}

This code renders a simple linear progress bar. The <LinearProgress /> from Material UI provides a basic, continuous progress indicator. However, Material UI allows for extensive customization. For instance, you can change the color of the progress bar using the sx prop:

<LinearProgress sx={{ backgroundColor: 'pink', height: 10 }} />

Here, the progress bar has a pink background color and a reduced height.

Variant Buffer

Variant buffer progress bars offer a dynamic representation of progress, particularly useful when dealing with fluctuating data loads. An example use case is in a video streaming application where the buffer zone helps ensure a smooth viewing experience even with varying network speeds.

import React from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function VariantBufferProgress() {
  return (
    <div>
      <LinearProgress variant="buffer" value={60} valueBuffer={80} />
    </div>
  );
}

Here, we use the variant=”buffer” prop to create a variant buffer progress bar. The value prop represents the primary progress, and valueBuffer indicates the buffer zone.

Variant Determinate

Variant determinate progress bars are ideal for scenarios where you have a specific value for the progress, making it suitable for controlled progress situations. For example, in a quiz application, you might use a determinate progress bar to show the time remaining for each question.

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function DeterminateProgress() {
  const [progress, setProgress] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    const timer = setInterval(() => {
      setProgress((prevProgress) =>
        prevProgress >= 100 ? 0 : prevProgress + 10
      );
    }, 1000);

    return () => {
      clearInterval(timer);
    };
  }, []);

  return (
    <div>
      <LinearProgress variant="determinate" value={progress} />
    </div>
  );
}

This example demonstrates a determinate progress bar. The variant=”determinate” prop makes it suitable for scenarios where you have a specific value for progress. The progress value increments every second in this example.

Loading Progress Indicator

Loading progress indicators are crucial for indicating ongoing asynchronous operations. An example could be a form submission where the loading indicator informs the user that their data is being processed.

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function LoadingProgress() {
  const [loading, setLoading] = useState(true);

  useEffect(() => {
    const timer = setTimeout(() => {
      setLoading(false);
    }, 2000);

    return () => clearTimeout(timer);
  }, []);

  return (
    <div>
      {loading && <LinearProgress />}
      {!loading && <div>Content Loaded!</div>}
    </div>
  );
}

In this scenario, the loading progress is displayed for two seconds using the <LinearProgress /> component. After that, it disappears, indicating that the content has been loaded.Props and Classes in MUI Progress

Unpacking Available Props

Material UI Progress components come with a range of props that allow developers to fine-tune and customize the behavior and appearance of progress indicators. Let’s delve into some common props and explore how they can be used with code examples.

1. variant:

The variant prop specifies the type of progress indicator. For example, variant=”determinate” creates a determinate progress bar, while variant=”buffer” generates a variant buffer progress bar.

import React from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function DeterminateProgress() {
  return (
    <div>
      <LinearProgress variant="determinate" value={50} />
    </div>
  );
}

2. value:

The value prop is used to set the progress value in determinate and buffer variants. It represents the completion percentage.

import React from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function DeterminateProgress() {
  return (
    <div>
      <LinearProgress variant="determinate" value={50} />
    </div>
  );
}

3. color:

The color prop determines the color of the progress bar. It accepts values like ‘primary’, ‘secondary’, or a custom color.

import React from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function ColoredProgress() {
  return (
    <div>
      <LinearProgress color="secondary" />
    </div>
  );
}

4. thickness:

The thickness prop adjusts the thickness of the progress bar. It takes a numeric value representing the thickness in pixels.

import React from 'react';
import LinearProgress from '@mui/material/LinearProgress';

function ThickProgress() {
  return (
    <div>
      <LinearProgress thickness={10} />
    </div>
  );
}

These examples provide a glimpse into the versatility of Material UI Progress components. By understanding and utilizing these props, developers can tailor progress indicators to suit the specific needs and aesthetics of their applications.

Here’s the summary of props explored in this section:

variantThe variant prop specifies the type of progress indicator
valueThe value prop is used to set the progress value in determinate and buffer variants
colorThe color prop determines the color of the progress bar
thicknessThe thickness prop adjusts the thickness of the progress bar.

Final Thoughts

In the dynamic landscape of web development, Material UI Progress Bar emerges as a pivotal element, seamlessly integrating into React projects while adhering to the principles of Material Design. This exploration underscores its versatility, offering a spectrum of customization options to cater to diverse design requirements.

Material UI effortlessly meshes with React, providing developers with intuitive components that elevate user interactions. The showcased customization capabilities empower developers to tailor progress components to suit specific project aesthetics. Material UI’s diverse options allow for dynamic adjustments, from color schemes to individual styling elements.From linear progress bars to loading indicators, Material UI Progress Bar demonstrates its adaptability. Whether tracking file uploads, indicating wait time, or showcasing progress in multi-step processes, it seamlessly integrates into real-world scenarios.

This journey into Material UI’s Progress Bar has merely scratched the surface. Delve into the documentation, experiment with variants, and explore customization options to elevate your projects. The more you immerse yourself in Material UI, the more adept you become at crafting visually appealing and functionally robust interfaces.

We encourage to go through this free Material UI Progress Tutorial to get better understanding and hands-on practise on the same.

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Yash Poojari

Yash Poojari