Type to generate UI components from text

OR

Browse thousands of MUI, Tailwind, React components that are fully customizable and responsive.

Explore Components

MUI Textfield: How to Create Powerful and User-Friendly Forms

How Material-UI Text Fields work

Material-UI Text Fields are a versatile and crucial component for capturing user input in React applications. They provide a clean and intuitive way to capture text input from users. They ensure that your forms are functional and aesthetically pleasing. MUI textfield gives an elegant and user-friendly way to capture user input in forms and dialogs. It offers a set of ready-to-use, highly customizable UI textfield component to help developers create visually appealing and responsive web applications. Material UI follows the principles of Material Design; it focuses on clean and intuitive user interfaces.

The comprehensive guide explores every aspect of MUI Text Fields, from their preliminary usage to advanced customization and best practices. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, this guide will provide you with the knowledge and skills to make the most out of MUI Text Fields in your web applications.

YouTube Link: Material-UI Text Fields in Action

GitHub Repository: Material-UI Text Fields Example

PureCode.ai offers a set of ready-to-use codes for your development team!

Getting Started with Material-UI Text Fields

A TextField component is a user interface element to capture text input (also edit text) from users.

Box text field

Material-UI’s Textfield component is flexible, accessible, and easy to add to the React applications.

To get started, add Material-UI installed in your React project. If you haven’t already, you can install it using the following command:

npm install @mui/material

Once installed, you can import the Textfield component and start using it in your application:

import TextField from '@mui/material/TextField';

function MyForm() {
  return (
    <form>
      <TextField label="Username" variant="outlined" />
    </form>
  );
}

The code above creates a simple form labeled “Username” and an outlined styling variant.

Another Example;

This method also works.

import TextField from '@mui/material/TextField';

function MyForm() {
  return (
    <form>
      <TextField label="Username" variant="outlined" />
    </form>
  );
}

In this example, we’ve created a simple form labeled “Username” and outlined styling. Let’s dive deeper into the various aspects of Material-UI Text Fields.

Labeling and Placeholder Text

Material-UI Text Fields allow you to set labels and placeholder text to guide users. The label prop is used for the main label, while the placeholder prop provides a hint or example text when the field is empty.

<TextField label="Username" placeholder="Enter your username" />

Variants of Material-UI Text Fields

Material-UI offers several styling options for multi line Text Field. You can choose from outlined, filled, and standard variants to match your application’s design. Additionally, you can apply custom styling using CSS or the style prop.

<TextField label="Username" variant="outlined" />
<TextField label="Password" variant="filled" /><TextField label="Email" variant="standard" />

Outlined Text Fields

Outlined Text Fields are often used in forms to make input element more visually distinctive and user-friendly. They provide a clear separation between the label and the input element area, making it easier for users to identify, edit text, and interact with the fields.

<TextField label="Username" variant="outlined" />

Filled Text Fields

Filled Text Fields are often used for sensitive information like passwords or other important data. The filled appearance makes them stand out and helps users enter focus on providing the required information securely.

<TextField label="Password" variant="filled" />

Standard Text Fields

Standard TextField component are often for less critical or reduce visually prominent form elements. They offer a clean and modest way to gather information without drawing excessive attention to the textarea element.

<TextField label="Email" variant="standard" />

Controlled and Uncontrolled Text Fields

You can use Material-UI Text Fields in controlled or uncontrolled modes. It depends on your application’s requirements.

Controlled Text Fields

In controlled component, you manage the value of the TextField component through the state, while in the uncontrolled version, the component manages its value internally.

// Controlled Text Field
const [value, setValue] = useState('');
<TextField label="Controlled" value={value} onChange={(e) => setValue(e.target.value)} />

// Uncontrolled Text Field
<TextField label="Uncontrolled" defaultValue="Default value" />

Controlled Text Fields are managed by React state, providing complete control over the field’s value.

import { useState } from 'react';

function ControlledTextField() {
  const [value, setValue] = useState('');

  const handleChange = (event) => {
    setValue(event.target.value);
  };

  return (
    <TextField
      label="Controlled"
      value={value}
      onChange={handleChange}
      variant="outlined"
    />
  );
}

Uncontrolled Text Fields

Uncontrolled Text Fields are helpful when you want to integrate Material-UI Text Fields into forms or parts of your application where you don’t need to manage the input default value with React state. They allow you to work with input values more naturally, similar to traditional HTML input elements.

<TextField label="Uncontrolled" defaultValue="Default value" />

Another example;

Working example of an Uncontrolled Text Field with a default value:

import TextField from '@mui/material/TextField';

function UncontrolledTextFieldWithDefault() {
  const defaultValue = 'Default Value';
  const inputRef = React.createRef();

  const handleButtonClick = () => {
    alert(`Input value: ${inputRef.current.value}`);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <TextField
        label="Uncontrolled with Default"
        inputRef={inputRef}
        defaultValue={defaultValue}
        variant="outlined"
      />
      <button onClick={handleButtonClick}>Get Value</button>
    </div>
  );
}

export default UncontrolledTextFieldWithDefault;

In this example:

  • We provide a defaultValue prop to the Text Field, which sets the initial value.

  • The input field starts with the “Default Value,” but it behaves as an Uncontrolled Text Field, allowing users to modify the default value.

Handling User Input

Material-UI Text Fields make it easy to capture user input (users enter and edit). You can handle user input by providing an onChange event handler and managing the field’s value in the React state.

import { useState } from 'react';

function UserInputForm() {
  const [name, setName] = useState('');

  const handleNameChange = (event) => {
    setName(event.target.value);
  };

  return (
    <form>
      <TextField
        label="Name"
        variant="outlined"
        value={name}
        onChange={handleNameChange}
      />
    </form>
  );
}

Validation and Error Handling

Material-UI Text Fields support validation and error message (error state/handling). You can use the error prop and the helperText prop to display error and styles when user input is invalid.

import { useState } from 'react';

function EmailInput() {
  const [email, setEmail] = useState('');
  const [error, setError] = useState('');

  const handleEmailChange = (event) => {
    const newEmail = event.target.value;
    if (!isValidEmail(newEmail)) {
      setError('Invalid email format');
    } else {
      setError('');
    }
    setEmail(newEmail);
  };

  return (
    <TextField
      label="Email"
      variant="outlined"
      value={email}
      onChange={handleEmailChange}
      error={!!error}
      helperText={error}
    />
  );
}

Customization Options

Material-UI Text Fields are highly customizable to match your application’s design. You can customize their appearance and behavior using various props (including multiline prop) and CSS styles.

<TextField
  label="Custom Styling"
  style={{ backgroundColor: 'lightblue' }}
/>

Here are some common customization options:

Custom Styling

You can apply custom CSS styles to Text Fields with the style prop or using CSS-in-JS libraries like styled components or emotions.

<TextField label="Custom Styling" style={{ backgroundColor: 'lightblue' }} />

Input Props

You can pass additional multiline prop directly to the underlying input element, allowing you to configure input-specific properties like maxLengthautoComplete, and more.

<TextField label="Custom Props" inputProps={{ maxLength: 10, autoComplete: 'off' }} />

Custom Validation

For more complex validation, you can handle the onChange event and set custom error based on your validation logic.

const [email, setEmail] = useState('');
const [error, setError] = useState('');

const handleEmailChange = (e) => {
  const newEmail = e.target.value;
  if (!isValidEmail(newEmail)) {
    setError('Invalid email format');
  } else {
    setError('');
  }
  setEmail(newEmail);
};

<TextField
  label="Email"
  value={email}
  onChange={handleEmailChange}
  error={!!error}
  helperText={error}
  variant="outlined"
/>

Handling Focus and Blur

Material-UI Text Fields provide events to handle focus and blur interactions. You can execute custom actions when the field gains or loses focus.

<TextField
  label="Focus Example"
  onFocus={() => console.log('Field focused')}
  onBlur={() => console.log('Field blurred')}
/>

Keyboard Interaction

Material-UI Text Fields support keyboard interaction, making it easy for users to navigate and interact with your forms using keyboard shortcuts.

<TextField
  label="Search"
  onKeyDown={(event) => {
    if (event.key === 'Enter') {
      handleSearch();
    }
  }}
/>

Advanced Custom Validation

For more complex validation, implement custom validation logic by handling the onChange event and setting custom error messages based on your validation rules.

<TextField
  label="Custom Validation"
  value={inputValue}
  onChange={(e) => handleInputChange(e.target.value)}
  error={!isValidInput(inputValue)}
  helperText={!isValidInput(inputValue) ? 'Invalid input' : ''}
/>

Best Practices for Material-UI Text Fields

To create better and user-friendly forms with Material-UI Text Fields, consider the following best practices:

  1. Label Clarity and Conciseness: Always provide clear and concise labels. Ensure that users understand the purpose of each Text Field.

  2. Consistent Styling: Maintain visual consistency in your application using the same styling for related Text Fields.

  3. Input Masking: Use input masking for fields like phone number or credit card numbers to improve user input accuracy. They typically appear in forms and dialogs.

  4. Using Prefixes and Suffixes: Add prefixes and suffixes (e.g., currency symbols) to Text Fields when appropriate.

  5. Placeholder Usage Guidelines: Use placeholder text wisely, providing examples or hints when needed. Placeholder text to help users understand the purpose of the Text Field. They typically appear in forms and dialogs.

  6. Validation: Implement client-side validation to provide immediate feedback to users when their input is invalid. Use the error and helperText props to indicate errors.

  7. Accessibility: Ensure your Text Fields are accessible to all users by following Material-UI’s accessibility guidelines. Test your forms with devices to verify accessibility.

  8. Customization: Customize Text Fields to match your application’s design but maintain consistency to provide a cohesive user experience.

  9. Controlled vs. Uncontrolled: Choose between controlled and uncontrolled Text Fields based on your application’s requirements. Controlled components give more control over user input.

  10. Performance: Optimize performance by minimizing re-renders of Text Fields. Use the shouldComponentUpdate lifecycle method or memoization techniques when necessary.

Form Integration

Material-UI Text Fields are popular in forms. Integrating Text Fields into forms is straightforward, and you can easily handle form submissions and validation.

import { useState } from 'react';

function ContactForm() {
  const [name, setName] = useState('');
  const [email, setEmail] = useState('');

  const handleSubmit = (event) => {
    event.preventDefault();
    // Handle form submission with name and email data.
  };

  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
      <TextField
        label="Name"
        variant="outlined"
        value={name}
        onChange={(e) => setName(e.target.value)}
      />
      <TextField
        label="Email"
        variant="outlined"
        value={email}
        onChange={(e) => setEmail(e.target.value)}
      />
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>
    </form>
  );
}

Examples and Use Cases

Let’s explore some common use cases and following example of Material-UI Text Fields in action:

Login Forms

Login forms often include Text Fields for usernames and passwords. They can be customized to match your application’s design.

<TextField label="Username" variant="outlined" />
<TextField label="Password" type="password" variant="outlined" />

Registration Forms

Registration forms typically include Text Fields for user information, such as name, email, and password.

<TextField label="Name" variant="outlined" />
<TextField label="Email" variant="outlined" /><TextField label="Password" type="password" variant="outlined" />

Search Bars

Search bars use Text Fields to capture user search queries (to enter text). You can add search icons or buttons for enhanced user experience.

<TextField label="Search" variant="outlined" />

Contact Information Forms

Forms for capturing contact information commonly include Text Fields for names, email addresses, and phone numbers.

<TextField label="Name" variant="outlined" />
<TextField label="Email" variant="outlined" /><TextField label="Phone Number" variant="outlined" />

Feedback Forms

Feedback forms include Text Fields for users to provide comments or suggestions. You can use multi-line Text Fields for longer responses.

<TextField label="Feedback" multiline rows={4} variant="outlined" />

Troubleshooting Common Issues

While working with Material-UI Text Fields, you may encounter common problems relating to validation, styling, and behavior. Here are some tips for troubleshooting and resolving these issues:

Debugging Validation Errors

When validation errors occur, check your validation logic and ensure that the error prop and helperText prop are correctly set based on the validation result.

Debugging Rendering Issues

If you experience rendering problems, inspect the component hierarchy and CSS styles to identify any conflicts or layout issues.

Handling Form Submission Failures

For form submission failures, ensure you properly handle errors and display feedback to the user. Review your form submission code and error handling logic.

Advanced Features of Material-UI Text Fields

Material-UI Text Fields offer advanced features to enhance user experience and functionality:

Prefix and Suffix Icons

Add icons as prefixes or suffixes to Text Fields for additional context or functionality.

<TextField
  label="Search"
  InputProps={{
    startAdornment: (
      <InputAdornment position="start">
        <SearchIcon />
      </InputAdornment>
    ),
  }}
/>

Adornments

Adornments allow you to place buttons or other interactive elements alongside Text Fields.

<TextField
  label="Amount"
  InputProps={{
    startAdornment: <InputAdornment position="start">$</InputAdornment>,
  }}
/>

Multi-line Text Fields

For long text input, use multi-line Text Fields by setting the multiline and rows props.

<TextField label="Description" multiline rows={4} variant="outlined" />

Password Visibility Toggle

You can add a visibility toggle for password fields to allow users to reveal their password while typing.

<PasswordField />

Autocomplete and Suggestions

Material-UI Text Fields maybe enhanced with autocomplete and suggestion functionality, improving user input efficiency.

<AutocompleteTextField />

Integration with Formik and React Hook Form

They are various react libraries. Form libraries like Formik and React Hook Form are commonly used with Material-UI Text Fields to streamline form management and validation.

Using Material-UI Text Fields with Formik

Formik is a popular library for managing form state and validation in React. You can integrate Material-UI Text Fields with Formik easily.

import { useFormik } from 'formik';
import * as Yup from 'yup';

function MyForm() {
  const formik = useFormik({
    initialValues: {
      username: '',
      email: '',
      password: '',
    },
    validationSchema: Yup.object({
      username: Yup.string().required('Username is required'),
      email: Yup.string().email('Invalid email address').required('Email is required'),
      password: Yup.string().min(6, 'Password must be at least 6 characters').required('Password is required'),
    }),
    onSubmit: (values) => {
      // Handle form submission
    },
  });

  return (
    <form onSubmit={formik.handleSubmit}>
      <TextField
        label="Username"
        variant="outlined"
        name="username"
        value={formik.values.username}
        onChange={formik.handleChange}
        onBlur={formik.handleBlur}
        error={formik.touched.username && Boolean(formik.errors.username)}
        helperText={formik.touched.username && formik.errors.username}
      />
      <TextField
        label="Email"
        variant="outlined"
        name="email"
        value={formik.values.email}
        onChange={formik.handleChange}
        onBlur={formik.handleBlur}
        error={formik.touched.email && Boolean(formik.errors.email)}
        helperText={formik.touched.email && formik.errors.email}
      />
      <TextField
        label="Password"
        type="password"
        variant="outlined"
        name="password"
        value={formik.values.password}
        onChange={formik.handleChange}
        onBlur={formik.handleBlur}
        error={formik.touched.password && Boolean(formik.errors.password)}
        helperText={formik.touched.password && formik.errors.password}
      />
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>
    </form>
  );
}

Integrating with React Hook Form

React Hook Form is another library that simplifies form management in React applications. You can easily integrate Material-UI Text Fields with React Hook Form.

import { useForm } from 'react-hook-form';

function MyForm() {
  const { register, handleSubmit, formState: { errors } } = useForm();

  const onSubmit = (data) => {
    // Handle form submission with data
  };

  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit(onSubmit)}>
      <TextField
        label="Username"
        variant="outlined"
        {...register('username', { required: 'Username is required' })}
        error={!!errors.username}
        helperText={errors.username?.message}
      />
      <TextField
        label="Email"
        variant="outlined"
        {...register('email', { required: 'Email is required', pattern: { value: /S+@S+.S+/, message: 'Invalid email address' } })}
        error={!!errors.email}
        helperText={errors.email?.message}
      />
      <TextField
        label="Password"
        type="password"
        variant="outlined"
        {...register('password', { required: 'Password is required', minLength: { value: 6, message: 'Password must be at least 6 characters' } })}
        error={!!errors.password}
        helperText={errors.password?.message}
      />
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>
    </form>
  );
}

Performance Optimization Techniques

Optimizing the performance of forms with Material-UI Text Fields is essential for a smooth user experience. Here are some techniques to consider:

Lazy Loading and Code Splitting

Lazy loading and code splitting can reduce the initial bundle size of your application, making it load faster. Implement these techniques using React’s React.lazy() and Suspense.

Debouncing and Throttling Input Events

Debouncing and throttling input text events can prevent excessive re-renders and network requests when users type rapidly. Libraries like Lodash provide helpful utilities for this purpose.

Virtualization for Large Lists of Text Fields

When dealing with long lists of input Text Fields, consider using virtualization libraries like react-virtualized to render only the visible items, improving rendering performance.

Responsive Design and Breakpoints

Material-UI provides built-in responsive design capabilities through the use of breakpoints. You can better adapt input Text Fields to different screen sizes and orientations.

import { useMediaQuery, useTheme } from '@mui/material';

function ResponsiveForm() {
  const theme = useTheme();
  const isMobile = useMediaQuery(theme.breakpoints.down('sm'));

  return (
    <form>
      <TextField
        label={isMobile ? 'Mobile Label' : 'Desktop Label'}
        variant="outlined"
      />
    </form>
  );
}

Handling Special Input Types

Material-UI Text Fields can apply for various input types, including date pickers, color pickers, file uploads, and rich text editors. Integrating specialized libraries or components is common for these scenarios.

Date Pickers

Date pickers are essential for selecting dates in forms and applications where date-related input is required. They provide a user-friendly way to input dates. In your example, you’re using the react-datepicker library to create a Date Picker component:

import DatePicker from 'react-datepicker';

function DateInput() {
  const [selectedDate, setSelectedDate] = useState(null);

  return (
    <DatePicker
      selected={selectedDate}
      onChange={(date) => setSelectedDate(date)}
    />
  );
}

Color Pickers

Color pickers enable users to choose colors interactively, which is valuable for applications involving color customization. Your example uses the react-color library and the ChromePicker component:

import { ChromePicker } from 'react-color';

function ColorInput() {
  const [color, setColor] = useState('#ffffff');

  return (
    <ChromePicker
      color={color}
      onChange={(updatedColor) => setColor(updatedColor.hex)}
    />
  );
}

File Uploads

File uploads are crucial for allowing users to upload files, such as images, documents, or media files, to your web application. In your example, you’re using the material-ui-dropzone library to create a File Upload component:

import { DropzoneArea } from 'material-ui-dropzone';

function FileUpload() {
  const handleFileUpload = (files) => {
    // Handle uploaded files
  };

  return (
    <DropzoneArea
      acceptedFiles={['image/*']}
      onChange={handleFileUpload}
    />
  );
}

Rich Text Editors

Rich Text Editors provide a more comprehensive and feature-rich alternative to plain input text fields. They allow users to format and style text, insert images, create lists, and more. In this example, you’re using the react-draft-wysiwyg library to create a Rich Text Editor component:

import { Editor } from 'react-draft-wysiwyg';

function RichTextEditor() {
  const [editorState, setEditorState] = useState(EditorState.createEmpty());

  return (
    <Editor
      editorState={editorState}
      onEditorStateChange={(newState) => setEditorState(newState)}
    />
  );
}

Accessibility

Accessibility is a crucial aspect of web development, and Material-UI Text Fields work with accessibility in mind. By following best practices and testing with screen readers, you can ensure your forms are accessible to all users, including those with disabilities. Here are some considerations and best practices for accessibility in Material-UI Text Field component:

Semantic HTML Elements:

Use appropriate HTML elements for form fields. Material-UI Text Field component builds using semantic HTML elements like <input><label>, and <div>, which provide meaningful information to assistive technologies.

Labeling:

Always provide a clear and descriptive label using the label prop. A label helps screen readers and users understand the purpose of the Text Field.

<TextField label="Full Name" variant="outlined" />

Aria-label and Aria-labelledby:

For cases where a visible label is unneeded, you can use the aria-label or aria-labelledby props to provide an accessible name for the Text Field component.

<TextField aria-label="Username" variant="outlined" />

Error Messaging:

When displaying errors, use the error prop along with the helperText prop to provide meaningful error messages. Ensure that error messages convey rightly to screen readers.

<TextField
  label="Email"
  variant="outlined"
  error={!!error}
  helperText={error ? 'Invalid email format' : ''}
/>

Keyboard Navigation:

Ensure that users can navigate and interact with Text Fields using keyboard shortcuts. Test that keyboard navigation is intuitive and follows expected behavior.

Focus Management:

Handle focus appropriately. When a Text Field receives focus, users should be able to interact with it easily. Use the onFocus and onBlur props to customize focus behavior if necessary.

<TextField
  label="Search"
  variant="outlined"
  onFocus={() => console.log('Field focused')}
  onBlur={() => console.log('Field blurred')}
/>

Use of Roles and States:

Material-UI Text Fields have already equipped support for ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) roles and states, which help ensure the user interface is accessible and inclusive for all users. Use these roles(states) when necessary to provide additional context to assistive technologies.

Testing with Screen Readers:

Test your Material-UI Text Fields with screen reader software like VoiceOver (for macOS), NVDA (for Windows), or JAWS. Ensure that all elements and actions are properly announced and make sense.

Color Contrast:

Ensure that text and background colors have sufficient contrast to be easily readable by visually impaired users. Use tools like color contrast checkers to verify compliance with accessibility standards.

Testing and Auditing:

Use automated accessibility testing tools like Axe or Lighthouse to identify and fix accessibility issues in your application. Additionally, consider manual testing with assistive technologies and following an accessibility checklist.

By following these accessibility best practices, you can ensure that Material-UI Text Fields are usable and inclusive, providing a positive experience for all users, including those with disabilities. Accessibility is not only a legal requirement in many cases but also a fundamental aspect of creating a web that is open and accessible to everyone.

Handling Focus Management

Proper focus management is essential for a seamless user experience. Material-UI Text Fields come with built-in support for handling focus events. You can also programmatically control focus within your application without a minimum number of times.

<TextField
  label="Focus Example"
  onFocus={() => console.log('Field focused')}
  onBlur={() => console.log('Field blurred')}
/>

Custom Animations and Transitions

Adding animations and transitions to Material-UI Text Fields can improve the user interface’s visual appeal. You can achieve this by using CSS or libraries like react-transition-group.

Use Material Textfield Like a Pro

Material-UI Text Fields are a versatile and powerful component for capturing user input in React applications. By following best practices, customizing them to fit your design, and ensuring accessibility, you can create forms and interfaces that are user-friendly and visually appealing. Material-UI’s commitment to designing and accessibility makes it a valuable choice for building modern web applications.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ve covered everything you need to know about Material-UI Text Fields. It touched on preliminary usage and customization to advanced features and best practices. You now know how to create powerful and user-friendly forms in your React applications.

YouTube Link: Material-UI Text Fields in Action

Read the Docs: Material UI Text Field

Let PureCode.ai help you with your development code process.

Whether you are building login forms, registration forms, search bars, or complex multi-step forms, Material-UI Text Fields provide the flexibility and functionality you need. Experiment, customize, and create exceptional user interfaces with ease.

Thank you for exploring the world of Material-UI Text Fields with us. Happy coding!

Phil Butler

Phil Butler