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How to Use MUI Toggle Best for Intuitive Design

 

Overview of Toggle in Web Development

Toggles, or switches, play a crucial role in web applications by providing users with a simple and intuitive way to interact with and control various features or settings. Their primary function is to toggle between two states, typically representing binary options such as “on” and “off,” “enable” and “disable,” or “show” and “hide.” The user-friendly nature of toggles contributes significantly to a positive user experience in web applications. The MUI Toggle is especially useful.

Understanding Material UI Switch controls

Material UI, a leading React UI framework, introduces a specialized Switch component designed to streamline the integration of toggles within React applications. This component is crafted following the principles of Google’s Material Design, which prioritizes clarity, consistency, and simplicity in user interfaces. The MUI Toggle component encapsulates the core functionality of toggles, providing React developers with a versatile and easily customizable tool to enhance user interactions.

We have handpicked a free Material UI Crashcourse for you so that you can get a better understanding of the overall Material UI Framework

Why Material UI Switch is Beneficial for React Projects

The Material UI Switch component brings several key advantages to React projects, making it a top choice for UI development:

Self-Explanatory Design for UsersThe Material UI Switch adheres to the principles of Material Design, a design language that emphasizes clarity and intuitiveness. Its self-explanatory design ensures that users can quickly grasp the purpose and functionality of the toggle without the need for extensive explanations. This simplicity fosters a user-friendly interface, reducing the learning curve for both novice and experienced users.
Responsive and AccessibleMaterial UI is designed with responsiveness and accessibility in mind. The Switch component inherits these qualities, ensuring a seamless experience for users across various devices and providing accessibility features for users with diverse needs.
Customization CapabilitiesMaterial UI Switch offers extensive customization options, allowing developers to tailor the appearance and behavior of toggles to suit specific project requirements. This flexibility ensures that toggles seamlessly align with the overall design scheme of the React application.
Ease of IntegrationMaterial UI simplifies the process of integrating complex UI elements, and the Switch component is no exception. With straightforward installation and usage, React developers can effortlessly incorporate toggles into their projects, saving time and effort; also, Material UI has a large community that helps and supports the developers with issues and constant upgrades.

Getting started with Material UI Switch

 Let us explore Material UI Switch starting with it’s installation and then creating a basic toggle button before we move towards more advance topics.

Installation Guide for Material UI in a React Project

 Begin by installing Material UI in your React project. Open your terminal and run the following command:

 npm install @material-ui/core @emotion/react @emotion/styled

This command installs the necessary packages for Material UI, including the core library (@mui/material), Emotion (a styling library for React), and styled components.

Importing MUI Toggle Component

Once the installation is complete, you can import the Material UI Toggle component into your React component. In your React file, include the following import statement: 

import Switch from '@material-ui/core/Switch';

This import statement brings in the Switch component from the Material UI library, making it available for use within your React component.

Basic Usage Examples

Implementing a basic Material UI Switch in your React component involves defining its state and handling changes. Here’s a concise example:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Switch from '@material-ui/core/Switch'; 
const BasicSwitch = () => {  

const [checked, setChecked] = useState(false);

const handleChange = () => {    setChecked(!checked);  };

return (    
	<div> <p>Switch State: {checked ? 'On' : 'Off'}</p> <Switch checked=	{checked} onChange={handleChange} />    
	</div>  );
	}; 

export default BasicToggle;

 

Here, we’ve created a functional component (BasicToggle) that maintains the state of the toggle button and updates it when the user interacts. The rendered output includes a text display of the current toggle button state and the Material UI Toggle itself.

 By following these steps, you’ve initiated your journey with Material UI Toggle in React, setting the stage for further customization and integration into your project’s user interface.

Material UI Switch Properties

Understanding the key properties of Material UI Switch is essential for crafting tailored and visually appealing user interfaces in React applications. Let’s delve into the overview of crucial properties, focusing on commonly used ones like checked, onChange, and color.

Overview of Key Properties:

Material UI Switch offers a range of properties that empower developers to customize, they can adjust settings of the switch component, its behavior and appearance. These properties serve as building blocks for creating interactive and responsive toggles.

checked: This boolean property determines whether the toggle is in the “on” or “off” state. Setting it dynamically allows for controlled state management.

<Switch checked={true} />

 onChange: The onChange property defines a function to be executed when the toggle state changes. It plays a pivotal role in handling user interactions and updating the state accordingly.

const handleSwitchChange = () => {
// Update state or perform other actions 
};
<Toggle onChange={handleSwitchChange} />

 

color: The color property dictates the color scheme of the toggle button. Options include “primary,” “secondary,” and “default,” providing a quick and easy way to harmonize the toggle with your application’s design.

<Switch color="primary" />

 Leveraging these properties allows for extensive customization of Material UI Switch. For instance, dynamically updating the checked property based on certain conditions or enhancing the visual appeal by adjusting the color property.

 

const CustomizedSwitch = () => {
const [checked, setChecked] = useState(false);
const handleSwitchChange = () => {
	setChecked(!checked);
};

return (
	<Switch
	checked={checked} onChange={handleSwitchChange} color={checked ? "primary" : "default"}
/>
);
};

In this example, the Switch’s color dynamically changes based on its state, offering a glimpse into the versatility of Material UI Toggle Switch properties.

Switch with Corresponding Inline Label and Icon: Enhancing User Experience

 Incorporating labels and icon alongside Material UI Switch components goes a long way in enhancing user understanding and engagement. This section delves into the importance of providing clear context through labels, addresses accessibility considerations, and provides practical code sample for implementing labeled and icon-based switches

 Adding Labels for Clarity

 Labels serve as a pivotal element to convey the purpose of a switch to users, it is a preferred way to design a switch. They provide clear, concise information about what the switch represents. When adding corresponding inline label element with a string specifying purpose for which the toggle button will be used for, it’s essential to maintain simplicity and relevance

 import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Switch from '@material-ui/core/Switch';
import Typography from '@mui/joy/Typography';
export default function App() {
	const [checked, setChecked] = useState(false);
	const handleChange = () => {setChecked(!checked);};
	return (
	<Typography aria-label="Enable Feature" component="label"endDecorator={<Switch checked={checked} onChange={handleChange} />}>Enable Feature

</Typography>);
};

 

Here, the Typography component is utilized to associate a label with the switch. The label “Enable Feature” succinctly communicates the switch’s purpose

 Icon-Based Switches for Intuitive Design:

GIF LINK: https://www.skypack.dev/view/expo-dark-mode-switch 

Icons contribute to the visual appeal of switches and can offer a quick visual cue about the switch’s function. Material UI allows developers to integrate icons seamlessly into switches, making the UI more intuitive

 

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Switch from '@material-ui/core/Switch';
import Brightness4Icon from '@mui/icons-material/Brightness4';
import Brightness7Icon from '@mui/icons-material/Brightness7';

export default function App () {
	const [darkMode, setDarkMode] = useState(false);
	const handleModeChange = () => {setDarkMode(!darkMode);};
	
	return (
		<div><Switchchecked={darkMode}onChange={handleModeChange} icon={<Brightness4Icon />} checkedIcon={<Brightness7Icon />}size="medium" aria-label="choose mode"/>
</div>
);
};

 Here, the Brightness4Icon is incorporated into the switch, providing a visual representation of the “Brighness mode” being activated.

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Grouping Switches

In certain scenarios, applications require multiple switches to be grouped together, offering users a set of related options. Grouping switches becomes essential when presenting users with a set of related choices or preferences. For instance, in a settings panel, you might have a group of switches related to notifications, each representing a specific type (email, push notifications, etc.).

 

Creating Checkboxes and Radio Groups Switches:

Depending on the desired behavior, you can implement a CheckboxGroup for allowing multiple selections or a RadioGroup for exclusive choices.


Checkbox Group Example:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Typography from '@mui/joy/Typography';
import Switch from '@material-ui/core/Switch';
import FormControlLabel from '@material-ui/core/FormControlLabel';

export default function SwitchGroup() {
	const [switches, setSwitches] = useState({option1: false,option2: false,option3: false,});
	const handleSwitchChange = (option) => {
	setSwitches((prevSwitches) => ({...prevSwitches,[option]: !prevSwitches[option],}));};

	return (
	<div><Typography aria-label="option 1" component="label" endDecorator={ <Switchchecked={switches.option1}onChange={() => handleSwitchChange('option1')}/>}>Option 1</Typography>

	<Typography aria-label="option 2" component="label" endDecorator={ <Switchchecked={switches.option2}onChange={() => handleSwitchChange('option2')}/>}>Option 2</Typography>
	<Typography aria-label="option 3" component="label" endDecorator={ <Switchchecked={switches.option3}onChange={() => handleSwitchChange('option3')}/>}>Option 3
	</Typography>
	</div>
	);
};

 This example illustrates a simple SwitchGroup component with three switches, each tied to a specific option in the state. The handleSwitchChange function dynamically updates the state based on the switch that was toggled.

 

Radio Group Example:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Switch from '@material-ui/core/Switch';
import Typography from '@mui/joy/Typography';
import SecurityIcon from '@mui/icons-material/Security';

export default function App() {
	const [selectedOption, setSelectedOption] = useState('');
	const handleRadioChange = (option) => {
	setSelectedOption(option);
	};
	return (
		<div>
	<label> Option 1 </label>
	<Switch aria-label="option 1"checked={selectedOption === 'option1'} onChange={() => handleRadioChange('option1')}/>

	<label> Option 2 </label>
<Switch aria-label="option 2"checked={selectedOption === 'option2'}onChange={() => handleRadioChange('option2')}/>

	<label> Option 3 </label>
<Switch aria-label="option 3"checked={selectedOption === 'option3'}onChange={() => handleRadioChange('option3')}/>

	</div>
	);
};

As seen above, we can select on one option out of 3 to be selected as it is a Radio Group Switch which behaves like a radio buttons selection, we set the selectedOption state as selected option in handleRadioChange function that gets called on onChange event of switch.

Advanced Switch Features: Elevating Material UI Switch Components

 The Material UI Switch component offers a range of advanced features that go beyond basic toggling. This section delves into exploring these advanced features, discussing switch variants, sizes, and additional customization options, while providing real-world use cases to showcase their functionalities.

Switch Variants:

Switch variants allow developers to choose between different visual styles for the switch component. Material UI offers two main variants: “filled” and “outlined.”

 

import React, {useState} from 'react';
import FormControl from '@mui/joy/FormControl';
import FormLabel from '@mui/joy/FormLabel';
import FormHelperText from '@mui/joy/FormHelperText';
import Switch from '@mui/joy/Switch';

export default function App() {
	const [checked, setChecked] = useState(false);
	return (
		<Switchchecked={checked}onChange={(event: React.ChangeEvent<HTMLInputElement>) =>setChecked(event.target.checked)} 
	color={checked ? 'success' : 'neutral'}variant={checked ? 'solid' : 'outlined'} endDecorator={checked ? 'On' : 'Off'}/>
	);
}

 

Here, the switch is rendered with different variants. If the switch is off it will render as an outlined variant and once selected it will render as filled variant.

 Switch Sizes:

 Material UI Switch components come in multiple sizes, catering to diverse design requirements. The available sizes are “small,” “medium,” and “large.”

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Switch from '@material-ui/core/Switch';

const SizeSwitch = () => {
 const [checked, setChecked] = useState(false);
 const handleChange = () => {
	setChecked(!checked);
};

	return (
	<div>
      <Switch checked={checked} onChange={handleChange} size="small" />
   <Switch checked={checked} onChange={handleChange} size="medium" />
      <Switch checked={checked} onChange={handleChange} size="large" />
    </div>
  );
};

 Developers can choose the appropriate size by using size property of mui switch component based on the design context and the overall layout of the user interface.

 

Display text inside of Switch:

You can also display a text inside of a switch to offer a better user experience to your web application and users. This can be achieved by using slotProps prop to show text inside a switch.

 

import * as React from 'react';
import Switch from '@mui/joy/Switch';
import Stack from '@mui/joy/Stack';
import Typography from '@mui/joy/Typography';

export default function ExampleTrackChild() {
	return (
		<Stack direction="row" spacing={2}>
		<Switch slotProps={{
		 track: {
			children: (
			 <React.Fragment>
			 <Typography component="span" level="inherit" sx={{ ml: '10px' }}>  On </Typography>
			<Typography component="span" level="inherit" sx={{ mr: '8px' }}> Off
			</Typography>
			</React.Fragment>
			),
		},
		 }}
			sx={{
			'--Switch-thumbSize': '27px',
			'--Switch-trackWidth': '64px',
		        '--Switch-trackHeight': '31px',
		}}
		/>
		<Switch
			color="success"
			slotProps={{
		track: {
			children: (
			<React.Fragment>
			 <span>I</span>
			<span>0</span>
		</React.Fragment>
			 ),
			sx: {	
			justifyContent: 'space-around',
		},
		},
        }}
		sx={{
		'--Switch-thumbSize': '27px',
		'--Switch-trackWidth': '52px',
		'--Switch-trackHeight': '31px',
		}}
		 />
		</Stack>
		);
	}

 

 Best Practices and Tips: Mastering material UI Switch in React

Implementing Material UI Switch components in React projects involves more than just placing toggle button on the screen. This section compiles best practices, optimization tips, and solutions to common challenges, offering insights into maximizing the effectiveness of Material UI Switch in a React environment.

Use Descriptive Labels

 Attach clear and concise labels to your switches. This not only enhances accessibility but also ensures users understand the purpose of each switch. For eg:

 <FormControlLabel control={<Switch checked={isChecked} onChange={handleSwitchChange} />} label="Enable Feature" />

 Group related switches

When dealing with multiple switches that pertain to a specific feature or setting, consider grouping them. This provides users with a clear visual association.

Avoid Excessive State Logic

Be mindful of placing excessive logic within switch change handlers. If the logic becomes complex, consider offloading it to separate functions or Redux actions.

 

const handleSwitchChange = () => {
  // Avoid complex logic directly here
 performComplexAction();
};

Test responsiveness

Ensure your switches are responsive and function well on various devices. Material UI components are designed to be mobile-friendly and supports various os i.e android, ios etc, but thorough testing is essential.

Conclusion: Embracing the power of Material UI Switch in your Projects

As we conclude this comprehensive guide to Material UI Switch in React, let’s take a moment to recap the key insights shared throughout the article and encourage you to explore and experiment with this versatile and user-friendly component.

 Recap of Key Points

Introduction to Material UI Switch: We began by understanding the basics of Material UI Switch, exploring its structure and functionality.

Handling Events with Switch : Delving into event handling, we learned how to respond to user interactions and trigger actions based on switch state changes.

Advanced Switch Features : Exploring advanced features such as variants, sizes, and customization options allowed us to create more dynamic and visually appealing switches.

Best Practices and Tips : We discussed best practices for using Material UI Switch, optimization tips, and solutions to common challenges, ensuring a seamless integration into your React projects.

 The world of Material UI Switch is vast and full of possibilities. As you embark on your journey with this powerful component, we encourage you to explore its capabilities, experiment with different configurations, and tailor it to the unique requirements of your projects.

 Whether you’re toggling a dark mode, controlling the visibility of components, or managing complex state changes, Material UI Switch is your reliable companion on the journey to creating exceptional user experiences.

 As you continue to refine your React projects, leverage the insights shared in this guide to make the most of Material UI Switch. Embrace the journey of exploration, experimentation, and innovation as you wield the power of this versatile component in your React applications. Happy coding!

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 Frequently Asked Questions

  1. How do I create a toggle button in Material UI?

    • Use the ToggleButton component from Material-UI and define the value prop for each button.

  2. What is the toggle button in UI?

    • A toggle button in UI is a control element that allows users to switch between two states, typically on and off.

  3. How do you use a switch in MUI?

    • Utilize the Switch component from Material-UI and integrate it into your React project.

  4. What is a toggle button in React?

    • In React, a toggle button is a component that toggles between two states, commonly used for on/off or true/false scenarios.

  5. How do I add a toggle button?

    • Add a ToggleButton component in your React application and configure it with appropriate values.

  6. How do I customize my switch in MUI?

    • Customize the appearance of the Switch component in Material-UI by adjusting its styling using the classes prop or overriding CSS styles.

 Additional References:

Youtube – Material UI Crashcourse

Youtube – Material UI Switch

Yash Poojari

Yash Poojari