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Tailwind Theme: A Deep Dive Into The Shortcut to Amazing Design

Tailwind CSS: The Shortcut to Stunning Web Designs

As a web developer writing classes in HTML is a tedious task. Tailwind CSS is here to help. It is a popular utility-first CSS framework that allows you to quickly and easily create responsive and customizable user interfaces. In this article, we will explore the concept of Tailwind themes, discuss why they are beneficial, provide practical examples of customization, and showcase some of the best themes available.

What are Tailwind Themes?

In Tailwind CSS themes are the keys to customizing your designs. They empower you to define and adjust various design elements like colors, typography, spacing, and more.

They provide you with a way to create unique and consistent designs that align with your project’s branding and requirements.

By customizing the default theme using the Tailwind configuration file (tailwind.config.js), you can craft visually stunning user interfaces that align perfectly with your project needs

Why Use Tailwind Themes?

  1. Consistency: They ensure a consistent design system throughout your project. Custom styles within your theme maintain a cohesive user experience

  2. Branding: It allows you to align the default styles with your project’s branding. Tailor your color palette, typography scale, and other design elements to match your brand identity.

  3. Efficiency: Leveraging Tailwind CSS’s utility classes and customization options saves you significant development time. No need to write custom CSS for each element; simply use Tailwind’s pre-built utility classes to style your UI components.

  4. Flexibility: They offer high flexibility and control over your designs. Customize styles by combining utility classes or creating custom ones. This flexibility enables you to build unique and visually appealing user interfaces.

  5. Modularity: Tailwind CSS follows a modular approach, allowing easy addition or removal of styles as per your project’s requirements. This modularity ensures lightweight and optimized CSS.

Getting Started With Tailwind Themes

To get started, you need to have Tailwind CSS installed in your project. There are multiple ways to include it in your web page, but for simplicity, we will use the CDN link method here:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>Tailwind CSS</title>

<link href="<https://unpkg.com/tailwindcss@^1.0/dist/tailwind.min.css>" rel="stylesheet">

</head>

<body> <!-- Your HTML content here --> </body>

</html>

Once you have included the Tailwind CSS CDN link in your HTML file, you can start customizing the default theme according to your project’s requirements.

You can also refer to Tailwind CSS Documentation to try other ways of setting up.

Utilizing Tailwind CSS Classes

Tailwind CSS provides different types of classes that you can use to customize and style your web page:

1. Utility Classes :

Utility classes form the foundation of Tailwind CSS. They are highly reusable and enable you to apply specific styles to elements without writing custom CSS code.

For example:

<div class="m-4 p-2">

<!-- Content here -->

</div>

In the example above, the m-4 class applies a margin of 1rem (16px) to all sides, while the p-2 class applies a padding of 0.5rem (8px).

2. Custom Classes :

In addition to the utility classes, you can also create your own custom classes specific to your project. To define a custom class, you can use the @layer directive in your configuration file:

// tailwind.config.js

module.exports = {

theme: {

extend: {},

},

variants: {},

plugins: [],

corePlugins: {

// …….

},

// Your custom class here

@layer components {

'.custom-class':

{

// Styles here

},

},

};

In the example above, we have defined a custom class .custom-class with styles enclosed within curly braces.

3. Responsive Classes :

Tailwind CSS provides responsive classes to adjust styles based on different screen sizes or breakpoints. This makes it easy to create responsive designs that adapt to various devices and viewport sizes. For instance:

<h1 class="text-2xl md:text-4xl lg:text-6xl">Responsive Heading</h1>

The text-2xl class sets the font size as 2rem (32px) by default, but it increases to 4rem (64px) at the medium breakpoint (md) and 6rem (96px) at the large breakpoint (lg).

State Classes :

State classes in Tailwind CSS allow you to apply styles based on different states or conditions of an element, ideal for managing interactive elements such as buttons or form inputs.

For example, you can use the hover and focus state classes to change the background color of a button when it is hovered over or focused:

<button class="bg-blue-500 hover:bg-blue-700 focus:bg-blue-700 text-white font-bold py-2 px-4 rounded">Submit</button>

Tailwind Themes VS Bootstrap

While Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap are both popular CSS frameworks for building user interfaces, there are some differences between them.

Let’s compare Tailwind themes with Bootstrap to understand their unique characteristics:

Tailwind ThemesBootstrap
Allows for more unique and flexible user interfacesOften results in similar designs due to in-built templates and components
Smaller file size as it relies on utility classesRequires a larger file size as it includes a wide range of components and features
Gaining popularity due to its flexibility and customization optionsWidely adopted by many companies and developers
Offers extensive customization options through theming and CSS featuresProvides ready-made themes and templates for rapid development

The choice between Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap depends on the specific requirements of the project.

If the project requires common layouts and backend work, Bootstrap may be a better choice. However, if the project requires exclusive customization and front-end work, Tailwind CSS offers more flexibility.

Theme Structure

To customize a theme, you need to modify the theme object in the tailwind.config js file within your project. This file defines the configuration options for your Tailwind CSS installation, including the theme section where you can customize various design elements.

The tailwind.config.js file has a structure like this:

module.exports= {
    purge: [],
    darkMode: false,
    // or 'media' or 'class' 
    theme: {
        extend: {},
    },
    variants: {},
    plugins: [],
};

Within the theme section (theme: {}), you can define custom values for colors, typography, spacing, breakpoints, and more.

Screen

The screens key within the theme section allows you to define custom breakpoints for responsive design. By default, Tailwind CSS includes four breakpoints: sm (640px), md (768px), lg (1024px), and xl (1280px).

However, you can customize these breakpoints or add new ones according to your project’s requirements.

Here is an example of customizing the screen breakpoints:

module.exports= {

    theme: {

        extend: {

            screens: {

                'tablet': '640px',

                    'desktop': '1024px',

                    'wide': '1280px',

            }

        }

    }

}

In the example above, we have defined three additional breakpoints: tablet, desktop, and wide. You can now use these breakpoints in responsive classes to create designs that adapt to different screen sizes.

Color

The colors key within the theme section allows you to define or override the color palette used by Tailwind CSS. By default, Tailwind CSS includes a set of colors such as gray, red, green, blue, and more. However, you can customize these colors or add new ones based on your project’s branding.

Here is an example of customizing the color palette:

module.exports= {

    theme: {

        extend: {

            colors: {

                'primary': '#FF0000',

                    'secondary': '00FF00',

            }

        }

    }

}

In the example above, we have added two new colors to the color palette: primary and secondary. You can now use these color values throughout your project by applying the corresponding utility classes.

Spacing

The spacing key within the theme section allows you to define custom values for spacing and sizing utilities. By default, Tailwind CSS includes a set of spacing utilities such as margin and padding sizes.

However, you can customize these values or add new ones based on your project’s requirements.

Here is an example of customizing the spacing values:

module.exports= {

    theme: {

        extend: {

            spacing: {

                '2': '8px',

                    '4': '16px',

            }

        }

    }

}

In the example above, we have added two new spacing values: 2 and 4. You can now use these spacing sizes throughout your project by applying the corresponding utility classes.

Dark Theme Mode with Tailwind CSS Themes

Now that dark mode is a successful, first-class feature of many operating systems, it’s becoming more and more common to design a dark version of your website.

To make this as easy as possible, Tailwind has dark themes that include a dark mode variant that lets you style your site differently when dark mode is enabled. By default, the below code uses prefers-color-scheme feature of CSS. Additionally, you can build sites that supports toggling dark mode manually with the help of class strategy

<div class="bg-white dark:bg-slate-800 rounded-lg px-6 py-8 ring-1 ring-slate-900/5 shadow-xl">

    <div>

        <span class="inline-flex items-center justify-center p-2 bg-indigo-500 rounded-md shadow-lg">

      <svg class="h-6 w-6 text-white" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" fill="none" viewBox="0 0 24 24" stroke="currentColor" aria-hidden="true"><!-- ... --></svg>

    </span>

    </div>

    <h3 class="text-slate-900 dark:text-white mt-5 text-base font-medium tracking-tight">Writes Upside-Down</h3>

    <p class="text-slate-500 dark:text-slate-400 mt-2 text-sm">

        The Zero Gravity Pen can be used to write in any orientation, including upside-down. It even works in outer
        space.

    </p>

</div>

In cases, where you want the user to have the ability to toggle dark mode manually, you can use the class strategy instead of the media strategy. Make the below changes in your tailwind.config.js file:

/* @type {import('tailwindcss').Config} /

module.exports = {

  darkMode: 'class',

  // ...

}

Below is an example of a site’s view before and after enabling dark mode :

Without dark mode :

With dark mode :

Customizing Default Tailwind Theme

There are two ways of customizing default themes :

  1. Extending The Default Theme
    To extend the default values, you can use the theme. extend the key within the tailwind.config js file. This allows you to add or modify values for colors, typography, spacing, breakpoints, and other design elements.

    As shown in the code snippets above by extending the default theme we can modify the value for different properties according to our needs.

  2. Overriding Default Theme

    To override default values within the theme, you can add your customizations directly under the theme section in the tailwind.config.js file. This allows you to replace or modify existing values for colors, typography, spacing, breakpoints, and other design elements.

Creating Custom Themes

To create a custom theme, you can follow these steps:

  1. Define Your Design System: Before customizing the theme, define the colors, typography, spacing, and other design elements that align with your project’s branding and requirements.

  2. Customize Your Configuration: Modify the tailwind.config.js file to add or modify values for colors, typography, spacing, breakpoints, and other design elements based on your design system.Here is an example of how to customize the colors and spacing in your theme:

module.exports = {

    theme: {

        extend: {

            colors: {

                'primary': '#FF0000',

                'secondary': '00FF00',

            },

            spacing: {

                '2': '8px',

                '4': '16px',

            }

        }

    }

}

In the example above, we have customized the colors by adding two new color values (primary and secondary). We have also customized the spacing by adding two new spacing values (2 and 4).

3. Use Your Custom Theme: Once you have customized your Tailwind configuration, you can start using your custom theme in your project by applying the custom classes and utilities provided by Tailwind.

<div class="bg-primary text-white p-4">Custom Theme Example </div>

Best Tailwind Themes UI Templates

If you’re looking for ready-made themes and UI templates to kickstart your project, several websites offer high-quality options.

These themes come with pre-designed components, styles, and layouts that you can customize to fit your project’s needs. Here is a list of a few websites that provide free Tailwind theme templates:

  • TailwindUI (tailwindui.com): TailwindUI offers a wide range of professionally designed components and templates built with Tailwind CSS. They provide premium themes for various use cases such as e-commerce, dashboards, marketing sites, and more.

  • Tailblocks (mertjf.github.io/tailblocks): Tailblocks provides a collection of free, customizable, and responsive tailwind CSS blocks that you can use to build landing pages and other web interfaces.

  • Tailwind Made (tailwindmade.com): Tailwind Made offers a collection of free and premium templates for landing pages, admin dashboards, and more. Their templates are well-designed and easy to customize.

These websites provide a great starting point for creating beautiful and functional user interfaces using Tailwind CSS. You can choose a template that closely matches your project’s requirements and customize it further to create a unique design.

Let’s Build A Login Form Using Tailwind Themes

We will be building together a login form as shown below using Tailwind Themes.

To demonstrate how to build a login form using themes, let’s walk through the step-by-step process:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html lang="en">

<head>

    <meta charset="UTF-8">

    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">

    <script src="https://cdn.tailwind.com"></script>

</head>

<body class="max-h-screen">

    <section class="bg-blue-500 bg-gray-200 min-h-screen flex items-center justify-center">

        <div class="bg-gray-100 p-5 flex rounded-2xl shadow-lg max-w-4xl">

            <div class="px-5">

                <h2 class="text-2xl font-bold text-blue-500">Login</h2>

                <p class="text-sm mt-4 text-blue-500">If you have an account please login</p>

                <form class="mt-6" action="#" method="POST">

                    <div>

                        <label class="block text-gray-700">Email Address</label>

                        <input type="email" name="" id="" placeholder="Enter Email Address" class="w-fullpx-4 py-3 rounded-lg bg-gray-200 mt-2 border focus:border-blue-500 focus:bg-white focus:outline-none" autofocus autocomplete required>

                    </div>

                    <div class="mt-4">

                        <label class="block text-gray-700">Password</label>

                        <input type="password" name="" id="" placeholder="Enter Password" class="w-fullpx-4 py-3 rounded-lg bg-gray-200 mt-2 border focus:border-blue-500 focus:bg-white focus:outline-none" required>

                    </div>

                    <button type="submit" class="w-full block bg-blue-500 hover:bg-blue-400 focus:bg-blue-400 text-while font-semibold rounded-lg px-4 py-3 mt-6">Log In</button>

                </form>

            </div>

        </div>

    </section>

</body>

</html>

The code above creates a responsive login form using Tailwind CSS. Here is the form created using the above code

Let’s break down the structure and highlight some of the key classes used:

  • The border-blue-500 class on the section element sets the border color to red.

  • The bg-gray-200 class sets the background color of the section element to a light gray shade.

  • The min-h-screen class ensures that the section element takes up at least the height of the viewport.

  • The flex, items-center, and justify-center classes on the section element position its contents in the center both vertically and horizontally.

  • The p-5, rounded-2xl, and shadow-lg classes on the outer div element create a card-like appearance with padding, rounded corners, and a box shadow.

  • The max-w-3xl class limits the maximum width of the outer div element to 3 times the normal width of an element.

  • The md:w-1/2 and px-5 classes on the first inner div element set their width to 50% on medium-sized screens and above, and add horizontal padding.

  • The form elements utilize various Tailwind classes such as w-full, px-4, py-3, rounded-lg, bg-gray-200, mt-2, border, focus:border-blue-500, focus:bg-white, and focus:outline-none to style input fields, labels, and buttons.

Elevate Your Web Designs Using Tailwind & PureCode

Tailwind CSS offers a versatile range of classes to make your designs shine. It’s time to explore this framework and unlock its potential. For a quick recap, this video explains Tailwind in 100 seconds.

But that’s not all! Optimize your web development efficiency with PureCode AI, a marketplace that offers 10000+ AI-generated custom components and allows the application of custom themes on top of Tailwind, MUI, and CSS3. We are building a community for developers to support them and make their everyday tasks a breeze! Join us.

Resources

Here are some additional resources to help you further explore Tailwind themes:

Yash Poojari

Yash Poojari